Automatic Machine Translation Evaluation in Many Languages via Zero-Shot Paraphrasing

Brian Thompson, Matt Post


Abstract
We frame the task of machine translation evaluation as one of scoring machine translation output with a sequence-to-sequence paraphraser, conditioned on a human reference. We propose training the paraphraser as a multilingual NMT system, treating paraphrasing as a zero-shot translation task (e.g., Czech to Czech). This results in the paraphraser’s output mode being centered around a copy of the input sequence, which represents the best case scenario where the MT system output matches a human reference. Our method is simple and intuitive, and does not require human judgements for training. Our single model (trained in 39 languages) outperforms or statistically ties with all prior metrics on the WMT 2019 segment-level shared metrics task in all languages (excluding Gujarati where the model had no training data). We also explore using our model for the task of quality estimation as a metric—conditioning on the source instead of the reference—and find that it significantly outperforms every submission to the WMT 2019 shared task on quality estimation in every language pair.
Anthology ID:
2020.emnlp-main.8
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)
Month:
November
Year:
2020
Address:
Online
Venue:
EMNLP
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
90–121
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2020.emnlp-main.8
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2020.emnlp-main.8
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Brian Thompson and Matt Post. 2020. Automatic Machine Translation Evaluation in Many Languages via Zero-Shot Paraphrasing. In Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), pages 90–121, Online. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Automatic Machine Translation Evaluation in Many Languages via Zero-Shot Paraphrasing (Thompson & Post, EMNLP 2020)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2020.emnlp-main.8.pdf
Video:
 https://slideslive.com/38938798
Code
 thompsonb/prism
Data
ParaBank