Do You Really Want to Hurt Me? Predicting Abusive Swearing in Social Media

Endang Wahyu Pamungkas, Valerio Basile, Viviana Patti


Abstract
Swearing plays an ubiquitous role in everyday conversations among humans, both in oral and textual communication, and occurs frequently in social media texts, typically featured by informal language and spontaneous writing. Such occurrences can be linked to an abusive context, when they contribute to the expression of hatred and to the abusive effect, causing harm and offense. However, swearing is multifaceted and is often used in casual contexts, also with positive social functions. In this study, we explore the phenomenon of swearing in Twitter conversations, taking the possibility of predicting the abusiveness of a swear word in a tweet context as the main investigation perspective. We developed the Twitter English corpus SWAD (Swear Words Abusiveness Dataset), where abusive swearing is manually annotated at the word level. Our collection consists of 1,511 unique swear words from 1,320 tweets. We developed models to automatically predict abusive swearing, to provide an intrinsic evaluation of SWAD and confirm the robustness of the resource. We also present the results of a glass box ablation study in order to investigate which lexical, syntactic, and affective features are more informative towards the automatic prediction of the function of swearing.
Anthology ID:
2020.lrec-1.765
Volume:
Proceedings of the Twelfth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference
Month:
May
Year:
2020
Address:
Marseille, France
Venue:
LREC
SIG:
Publisher:
European Language Resources Association
Note:
Pages:
6237–6246
Language:
English
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2020.lrec-1.765
DOI:
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Endang Wahyu Pamungkas, Valerio Basile, and Viviana Patti. 2020. Do You Really Want to Hurt Me? Predicting Abusive Swearing in Social Media. In Proceedings of the Twelfth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, pages 6237–6246, Marseille, France. European Language Resources Association.
Cite (Informal):
Do You Really Want to Hurt Me? Predicting Abusive Swearing in Social Media (Pamungkas et al., LREC 2020)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2020.lrec-1.765.pdf