A Cognitively Motivated Approach to Spatial Information Extraction

Chao Xu, Emmanuelle-Anna Dietz Saldanha, Dagmar Gromann, Beihai Zhou


Abstract
Automatic extraction of spatial information from natural language can boost human-centered applications that rely on spatial dynamics. The field of cognitive linguistics has provided theories and cognitive models to address this task. Yet, existing solutions tend to focus on specific word classes, subject areas, or machine learning techniques that cannot provide cognitively plausible explanations for their decisions. We propose an automated spatial semantic analysis (ASSA) framework building on grammar and cognitive linguistic theories to identify spatial entities and relations, bringing together methods of spatial information extraction and cognitive frameworks on spatial language. The proposed rule-based and explainable approach contributes constructions and preposition schemas and outperforms previous solutions on the CLEF-2017 standard dataset.
Anthology ID:
2020.splu-1.3
Volume:
Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Spatial Language Understanding
Month:
November
Year:
2020
Address:
Online
Venue:
SpLU
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
18–28
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2020.splu-1.3
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2020.splu-1.3
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Chao Xu, Emmanuelle-Anna Dietz Saldanha, Dagmar Gromann, and Beihai Zhou. 2020. A Cognitively Motivated Approach to Spatial Information Extraction. In Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Spatial Language Understanding, pages 18–28, Online. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
A Cognitively Motivated Approach to Spatial Information Extraction (Xu et al., SpLU 2020)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2020.splu-1.3.pdf
Video:
 https://slideslive.com/38940079