Code Generation from Natural Language with Less Prior Knowledge and More Monolingual Data

Sajad Norouzi, Keyi Tang, Yanshuai Cao


Abstract
Training datasets for semantic parsing are typically small due to the higher expertise required for annotation than most other NLP tasks. As a result, models for this application usually need additional prior knowledge to be built into the architecture or algorithm. The increased dependency on human experts hinders automation and raises the development and maintenance costs in practice. This work investigates whether a generic transformer-based seq2seq model can achieve competitive performance with minimal code-generation-specific inductive bias design. By exploiting a relatively sizeable monolingual corpus of the target programming language, which is cheap to mine from the web, we achieved 81.03% exact match accuracy on Django and 32.57 BLEU score on CoNaLa. Both are SOTA to the best of our knowledge. This positive evidence highlights a potentially easier path toward building accurate semantic parsers in practice.
Anthology ID:
2021.acl-short.98
Volume:
Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 2: Short Papers)
Month:
August
Year:
2021
Address:
Online
Venues:
ACL | IJCNLP
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
776–785
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.acl-short.98
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2021.acl-short.98
Bibkey:
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.acl-short.98.pdf