Controlled Neural Sentence-Level Reframing of News Articles

Wei-Fan Chen, Khalid Al Khatib, Benno Stein, Henning Wachsmuth


Abstract
Framing a news article means to portray the reported event from a specific perspective, e.g., from an economic or a health perspective. Reframing means to change this perspective. Depending on the audience or the submessage, reframing can become necessary to achieve the desired effect on the readers. Reframing is related to adapting style and sentiment, which can be tackled with neural text generation techniques. However, it is more challenging since changing a frame requires rewriting entire sentences rather than single phrases. In this paper, we study how to computationally reframe sentences in news articles while maintaining their coherence to the context. We treat reframing as a sentence-level fill-in-the-blank task for which we train neural models on an existing media frame corpus. To guide the training, we propose three strategies: framed-language pretraining, named-entity preservation, and adversarial learning. We evaluate respective models automatically and manually for topic consistency, coherence, and successful reframing. Our results indicate that generating properly-framed text works well but with tradeoffs.
Anthology ID:
2021.findings-emnlp.228
Volume:
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021
Month:
November
Year:
2021
Address:
Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Venue:
Findings
SIG:
SIGDAT
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
2683–2693
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.findings-emnlp.228
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2021.findings-emnlp.228
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Wei-Fan Chen, Khalid Al Khatib, Benno Stein, and Henning Wachsmuth. 2021. Controlled Neural Sentence-Level Reframing of News Articles. In Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021, pages 2683–2693, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Controlled Neural Sentence-Level Reframing of News Articles (Chen et al., Findings 2021)
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PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.findings-emnlp.228.pdf
Video:
 https://aclanthology.org/2021.findings-emnlp.228.mp4