Detecting Frames in News Headlines and Lead Images in U.S. Gun Violence Coverage

Isidora Tourni, Lei Guo, Taufiq Husada Daryanto, Fabian Zhafransyah, Edward Edberg Halim, Mona Jalal, Boqi Chen, Sha Lai, Hengchang Hu, Margrit Betke, Prakash Ishwar, Derry Tanti Wijaya


Abstract
News media structure their reporting of events or issues using certain perspectives. When describing an incident involving gun violence, for example, some journalists may focus on mental health or gun regulation, while others may emphasize the discussion of gun rights. Such perspectives are called “frames” in communication research.We study, for the first time, the value of combining lead images and their contextual information with text to identify the frame of a given news article. We observe that using multiple modes of information(article- and image-derived features) improves prediction of news frames over any single mode of information when the images are relevant to the frames of the headlines.We also observe that frame image relevance is related to the ease of conveying frames via images, which we call frame concreteness. Additionally, we release the first multimodal news framing dataset related to gun violence in the U.S., curated and annotated by communication researchers. The dataset will allow researchers to further examine the use of multiple information modalities for studying media framing.
Anthology ID:
2021.findings-emnlp.339
Volume:
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021
Month:
November
Year:
2021
Address:
Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Venues:
EMNLP | Findings
SIG:
SIGDAT
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
4037–4050
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.findings-emnlp.339
DOI:
Bibkey:
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.findings-emnlp.339.pdf
Data
GVFC