CO-NNECT: A Framework for Revealing Commonsense Knowledge Paths as Explicitations of Implicit Knowledge in Texts

Maria Becker, Katharina Korfhage, Debjit Paul, Anette Frank


Abstract
In this work we leverage commonsense knowledge in form of knowledge paths to establish connections between sentences, as a form of explicitation of implicit knowledge. Such connections can be direct (singlehop paths) or require intermediate concepts (multihop paths). To construct such paths we combine two model types in a joint framework we call Co-nnect: a relation classifier that predicts direct connections between concepts; and a target prediction model that generates target or intermediate concepts given a source concept and a relation, which we use to construct multihop paths. Unlike prior work that relies exclusively on static knowledge sources, we leverage language models finetuned on knowledge stored in ConceptNet, to dynamically generate knowledge paths, as explanations of implicit knowledge that connects sentences in texts. As a central contribution we design manual and automatic evaluation settings for assessing the quality of the generated paths. We conduct evaluations on two argumentative datasets and show that a combination of the two model types generates meaningful, high-quality knowledge paths between sentences that reveal implicit knowledge conveyed in text.
Anthology ID:
2021.iwcs-1.3
Volume:
Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Semantics (IWCS)
Month:
June
Year:
2021
Address:
Groningen, The Netherlands (online)
Venue:
IWCS
SIG:
SIGSEM
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
21–32
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.iwcs-1.3
DOI:
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Maria Becker, Katharina Korfhage, Debjit Paul, and Anette Frank. 2021. CO-NNECT: A Framework for Revealing Commonsense Knowledge Paths as Explicitations of Implicit Knowledge in Texts. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Semantics (IWCS), pages 21–32, Groningen, The Netherlands (online). Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
CO-NNECT: A Framework for Revealing Commonsense Knowledge Paths as Explicitations of Implicit Knowledge in Texts (Becker et al., IWCS 2021)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.iwcs-1.3.pdf
Code
 Heidelberg-NLP/CO-NNECT
Data
ConceptNet