Automatic Entity State Annotation using the VerbNet Semantic Parser

Ghazaleh Kazeminejad, Martha Palmer, Tao Li, Vivek Srikumar


Abstract
Tracking entity states is a natural language processing task assumed to require human annotation. In order to reduce the time and expenses associated with annotation, we introduce a new method to automatically extract entity states, including location and existence state of entities, following Dalvi et al. (2018) and Tandon et al. (2020). For this purpose, we rely primarily on the semantic representations generated by the state of the art VerbNet parser (Gung, 2020), and extract the entities (event participants) and their states, based on the semantic predicates of the generated VerbNet semantic representation, which is in propositional logic format. For evaluation, we used ProPara (Dalvi et al., 2018), a reading comprehension dataset which is annotated with entity states in each sentence, and tracks those states in paragraphs of natural human-authored procedural texts. Given the presented limitations of the method, the peculiarities of the ProPara dataset annotations, and that our system, Lexis, makes no use of task-specific training data and relies solely on VerbNet, the results are promising, showcasing the value of lexical resources.
Anthology ID:
2021.law-1.13
Volume:
Proceedings of The Joint 15th Linguistic Annotation Workshop (LAW) and 3rd Designing Meaning Representations (DMR) Workshop
Month:
November
Year:
2021
Address:
Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
Venues:
DMR | EMNLP | LAW
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
123–132
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.law-1.13
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2021.law-1.13
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Ghazaleh Kazeminejad, Martha Palmer, Tao Li, and Vivek Srikumar. 2021. Automatic Entity State Annotation using the VerbNet Semantic Parser. In Proceedings of The Joint 15th Linguistic Annotation Workshop (LAW) and 3rd Designing Meaning Representations (DMR) Workshop, pages 123–132, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Automatic Entity State Annotation using the VerbNet Semantic Parser (Kazeminejad et al., LAW 2021)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.law-1.13.pdf
Data
ProPara