TEASER: Towards Efficient Aspect-based SEntiment Analysis and Recognition

Vaibhav Bajaj, Kartikey Pant, Ishan Upadhyay, Srinath Nair, Radhika Mamidi


Abstract
Sentiment analysis aims to detect the overall sentiment, i.e., the polarity of a sentence, paragraph, or text span, without considering the entities mentioned and their aspects. Aspect-based sentiment analysis aims to extract the aspects of the given target entities and their respective sentiments. Prior works formulate this as a sequence tagging problem or solve this task using a span-based extract-then-classify framework where first all the opinion targets are extracted from the sentence, and then with the help of span representations, the targets are classified as positive, negative, or neutral. The sequence tagging problem suffers from issues like sentiment inconsistency and colossal search space. Whereas, Span-based extract-then-classify framework suffers from issues such as half-word coverage and overlapping spans. To overcome this, we propose a similar span-based extract-then-classify framework with a novel and improved heuristic. Experiments on the three benchmark datasets (Restaurant14, Laptop14, Restaurant15) show our model consistently outperforms the current state-of-the-art. Moreover, we also present a novel supervised movie reviews dataset (Movie20) and a pseudo-labeled movie reviews dataset (moviesLarge) made explicitly for this task and report the results on the novel Movie20 dataset as well.
Anthology ID:
2021.ranlp-1.13
Volume:
Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP 2021)
Month:
September
Year:
2021
Address:
Held Online
Venue:
RANLP
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Publisher:
INCOMA Ltd.
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Pages:
102–110
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.ranlp-1.13
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Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Vaibhav Bajaj, Kartikey Pant, Ishan Upadhyay, Srinath Nair, and Radhika Mamidi. 2021. TEASER: Towards Efficient Aspect-based SEntiment Analysis and Recognition. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP 2021), pages 102–110, Held Online. INCOMA Ltd..
Cite (Informal):
TEASER: Towards Efficient Aspect-based SEntiment Analysis and Recognition (Bajaj et al., RANLP 2021)
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PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.ranlp-1.13.pdf