Comparative Analysis of Fine-tuned Deep Learning Language Models for ICD-10 Classification Task for Bulgarian Language

Boris Velichkov, Sylvia Vassileva, Simeon Gerginov, Boris Kraychev, Ivaylo Ivanov, Philip Ivanov, Ivan Koychev, Svetla Boytcheva


Abstract
The task of automatic diagnosis encoding into standard medical classifications and ontologies, is of great importance in medicine - both to support the daily tasks of physicians in the preparation and reporting of clinical documentation, and for automatic processing of clinical reports. In this paper we investigate the application and performance of different deep learning transformers for automatic encoding in ICD-10 of clinical texts in Bulgarian. The comparative analysis attempts to find which approach is more efficient to be used for fine-tuning of pretrained BERT family transformer to deal with a specific domain terminology on a rare language as Bulgarian. On the one side are used SlavicBERT and MultiligualBERT, that are pretrained for common vocabulary in Bulgarian, but lack medical terminology. On the other hand in the analysis are used BioBERT, ClinicalBERT, SapBERT, BlueBERT, that are pretrained for medical terminology in English, but lack training for language models in Bulgarian, and more over for vocabulary in Cyrillic. In our research study all BERT models are fine-tuned with additional medical texts in Bulgarian and then applied to the classification task for encoding medical diagnoses in Bulgarian into ICD-10 codes. Big corpora of diagnosis in Bulgarian annotated with ICD-10 codes is used for the classification task. Such an analysis gives a good idea of which of the models would be suitable for tasks of a similar type and domain. The experiments and evaluation results show that both approaches have comparable accuracy.
Anthology ID:
2021.ranlp-1.162
Volume:
Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP 2021)
Month:
September
Year:
2021
Address:
Held Online
Venue:
RANLP
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Publisher:
INCOMA Ltd.
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Pages:
1448–1454
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URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.ranlp-1.162
DOI:
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Cite (ACL):
Boris Velichkov, Sylvia Vassileva, Simeon Gerginov, Boris Kraychev, Ivaylo Ivanov, Philip Ivanov, Ivan Koychev, and Svetla Boytcheva. 2021. Comparative Analysis of Fine-tuned Deep Learning Language Models for ICD-10 Classification Task for Bulgarian Language. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP 2021), pages 1448–1454, Held Online. INCOMA Ltd..
Cite (Informal):
Comparative Analysis of Fine-tuned Deep Learning Language Models for ICD-10 Classification Task for Bulgarian Language (Velichkov et al., RANLP 2021)
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PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2021.ranlp-1.162.pdf
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