Textomics: A Dataset for Genomics Data Summary Generation

Mu-Chun Wang, Zixuan Liu, Sheng Wang


Abstract
Summarizing biomedical discovery from genomics data using natural languages is an essential step in biomedical research but is mostly done manually. Here, we introduce Textomics, a novel dataset of genomics data description, which contains 22,273 pairs of genomics data matrices and their summaries. Each summary is written by the researchers who generated the data and associated with a scientific paper. Based on this dataset, we study two novel tasks: generating textual summary from a genomics data matrix and vice versa. Inspired by the successful applications of k nearest neighbors in modeling genomics data, we propose a kNN-Vec2Text model to address these tasks and observe substantial improvement on our dataset. We further illustrate how Textomics can be used to advance other applications, including evaluating scientific paper embeddings and generating masked templates for scientific paper understanding. Textomics serves as the first benchmark for generating textual summaries for genomics data and we envision it will be broadly applied to other biomedical and natural language processing applications.
Anthology ID:
2022.acl-long.335
Volume:
Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)
Month:
May
Year:
2022
Address:
Dublin, Ireland
Venue:
ACL
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
4878–4891
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.acl-long.335
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2022.acl-long.335
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Mu-Chun Wang, Zixuan Liu, and Sheng Wang. 2022. Textomics: A Dataset for Genomics Data Summary Generation. In Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers), pages 4878–4891, Dublin, Ireland. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Textomics: A Dataset for Genomics Data Summary Generation (Wang et al., ACL 2022)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.acl-long.335.pdf
Software:
 2022.acl-long.335.software.zip
Code
 amos814/textomics