Emergent Structures and Training Dynamics in Large Language Models

Ryan Teehan, Miruna Clinciu, Oleg Serikov, Eliza Szczechla, Natasha Seelam, Shachar Mirkin, Aaron Gokaslan


Abstract
Large language models have achieved success on a number of downstream tasks, particularly in a few and zero-shot manner. As a consequence, researchers have been investigating both the kind of information these networks learn and how such information can be encoded in the parameters of the model. We survey the literature on changes in the network during training, drawing from work outside of NLP when necessary, and on learned representations of linguistic features in large language models. We note in particular the lack of sufficient research on the emergence of functional units, subsections of the network where related functions are grouped or organised, within large language models and motivate future work that grounds the study of language models in an analysis of their changing internal structure during training time.
Anthology ID:
2022.bigscience-1.11
Volume:
Proceedings of BigScience Episode #5 -- Workshop on Challenges & Perspectives in Creating Large Language Models
Month:
May
Year:
2022
Address:
virtual+Dublin
Venue:
BigScience
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
146–159
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.bigscience-1.11
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2022.bigscience-1.11
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Ryan Teehan, Miruna Clinciu, Oleg Serikov, Eliza Szczechla, Natasha Seelam, Shachar Mirkin, and Aaron Gokaslan. 2022. Emergent Structures and Training Dynamics in Large Language Models. In Proceedings of BigScience Episode #5 -- Workshop on Challenges & Perspectives in Creating Large Language Models, pages 146–159, virtual+Dublin. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Emergent Structures and Training Dynamics in Large Language Models (Teehan et al., BigScience 2022)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.bigscience-1.11.pdf
Video:
 https://aclanthology.org/2022.bigscience-1.11.mp4