Different Data, Different Modalities! Reinforced Data Splitting for Effective Multimodal Information Extraction from Social Media Posts

Bo Xu, Shizhou Huang, Ming Du, Hongya Wang, Hui Song, Chaofeng Sha, Yanghua Xiao


Abstract
Recently, multimodal information extraction from social media posts has gained increasing attention in the natural language processing community. Despite their success, current approaches overestimate the significance of images. In this paper, we argue that different social media posts should consider different modalities for multimodal information extraction. Multimodal models cannot always outperform unimodal models. Some posts are more suitable for the multimodal model, while others are more suitable for the unimodal model. Therefore, we propose a general data splitting strategy to divide the social media posts into two sets so that these two sets can achieve better performance under the information extraction models of the corresponding modalities. Specifically, for an information extraction task, we first propose a data discriminator that divides social media posts into a multimodal and a unimodal set. Then we feed these sets into the corresponding models. Finally, we combine the results of these two models to obtain the final extraction results. Due to the lack of explicit knowledge, we use reinforcement learning to train the data discriminator. Experiments on two different multimodal information extraction tasks demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. The source code of this paper can be found in https://github.com/xubodhu/RDS.
Anthology ID:
2022.coling-1.160
Volume:
Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Computational Linguistics
Month:
October
Year:
2022
Address:
Gyeongju, Republic of Korea
Venue:
COLING
SIG:
Publisher:
International Committee on Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
1855–1864
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.coling-1.160
DOI:
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Bo Xu, Shizhou Huang, Ming Du, Hongya Wang, Hui Song, Chaofeng Sha, and Yanghua Xiao. 2022. Different Data, Different Modalities! Reinforced Data Splitting for Effective Multimodal Information Extraction from Social Media Posts. In Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, pages 1855–1864, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea. International Committee on Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Different Data, Different Modalities! Reinforced Data Splitting for Effective Multimodal Information Extraction from Social Media Posts (Xu et al., COLING 2022)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.coling-1.160.pdf
Code
 xubodhu/rds