Superlim: A Swedish Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark

Aleksandrs Berdicevskis, Gerlof Bouma, Robin Kurtz, Felix Morger, Joey Öhman, Yvonne Adesam, Lars Borin, Dana Dannélls, Markus Forsberg, Tim Isbister, Anna Lindahl, Martin Malmsten, Faton Rekathati, Magnus Sahlgren, Elena Volodina, Love Börjeson, Simon Hengchen, Nina Tahmasebi


Abstract
We present Superlim, a multi-task NLP benchmark and analysis platform for evaluating Swedish language models, a counterpart to the English-language (Super)GLUE suite. We describe the dataset, the tasks, the leaderboard and report the baseline results yielded by a reference implementation. The tested models do not approach ceiling performance on any of the tasks, which suggests that Superlim is truly difficult, a desirable quality for a benchmark. We address methodological challenges, such as mitigating the Anglocentric bias when creating datasets for a less-resourced language; choosing the most appropriate measures; documenting the datasets and making the leaderboard convenient and transparent. We also highlight other potential usages of the dataset, such as, for instance, the evaluation of cross-lingual transfer learning.
Anthology ID:
2023.emnlp-main.506
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Month:
December
Year:
2023
Address:
Singapore
Editors:
Houda Bouamor, Juan Pino, Kalika Bali
Venue:
EMNLP
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
8137–8153
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2023.emnlp-main.506
DOI:
10.18653/v1/2023.emnlp-main.506
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Aleksandrs Berdicevskis, Gerlof Bouma, Robin Kurtz, Felix Morger, Joey Öhman, Yvonne Adesam, Lars Borin, Dana Dannélls, Markus Forsberg, Tim Isbister, Anna Lindahl, Martin Malmsten, Faton Rekathati, Magnus Sahlgren, Elena Volodina, Love Börjeson, Simon Hengchen, and Nina Tahmasebi. 2023. Superlim: A Swedish Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark. In Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pages 8137–8153, Singapore. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Superlim: A Swedish Language Understanding Evaluation Benchmark (Berdicevskis et al., EMNLP 2023)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/2023.emnlp-main.506.pdf