DEBUG: A Dense Bottom-Up Grounding Approach for Natural Language Video Localization

Chujie Lu, Long Chen, Chilie Tan, Xiaolin Li, Jun Xiao


Abstract
In this paper, we focus on natural language video localization: localizing (ie, grounding) a natural language description in a long and untrimmed video sequence. All currently published models for addressing this problem can be categorized into two types: (i) top-down approach: it does classification and regression for a set of pre-cut video segment candidates; (ii) bottom-up approach: it directly predicts probabilities for each video frame as the temporal boundaries (ie, start and end time point). However, both two approaches suffer several limitations: the former is computation-intensive for densely placed candidates, while the latter has trailed the performance of the top-down counterpart thus far. To this end, we propose a novel dense bottom-up framework: DEnse Bottom-Up Grounding (DEBUG). DEBUG regards all frames falling in the ground truth segment as foreground, and each foreground frame regresses the unique distances from its location to bi-directional ground truth boundaries. Extensive experiments on three challenging benchmarks (TACoS, Charades-STA, and ActivityNet Captions) show that DEBUG is able to match the speed of bottom-up models while surpassing the performance of the state-of-the-art top-down models.
Anthology ID:
D19-1518
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)
Month:
November
Year:
2019
Address:
Hong Kong, China
Venues:
EMNLP | IJCNLP
SIG:
SIGDAT
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
5144–5153
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/D19-1518
DOI:
10.18653/v1/D19-1518
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Chujie Lu, Long Chen, Chilie Tan, Xiaolin Li, and Jun Xiao. 2019. DEBUG: A Dense Bottom-Up Grounding Approach for Natural Language Video Localization. In Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP), pages 5144–5153, Hong Kong, China. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
DEBUG: A Dense Bottom-Up Grounding Approach for Natural Language Video Localization (Lu et al., EMNLP 2019)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/D19-1518.pdf