Before Name-Calling: Dynamics and Triggers of Ad Hominem Fallacies in Web Argumentation

Ivan Habernal, Henning Wachsmuth, Iryna Gurevych, Benno Stein


Abstract
Arguing without committing a fallacy is one of the main requirements of an ideal debate. But even when debating rules are strictly enforced and fallacious arguments punished, arguers often lapse into attacking the opponent by an ad hominem argument. As existing research lacks solid empirical investigation of the typology of ad hominem arguments as well as their potential causes, this paper fills this gap by (1) performing several large-scale annotation studies, (2) experimenting with various neural architectures and validating our working hypotheses, such as controversy or reasonableness, and (3) providing linguistic insights into triggers of ad hominem using explainable neural network architectures.
Anthology ID:
N18-1036
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2018 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long Papers)
Month:
June
Year:
2018
Address:
New Orleans, Louisiana
Venue:
NAACL
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
386–396
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/N18-1036
DOI:
10.18653/v1/N18-1036
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Ivan Habernal, Henning Wachsmuth, Iryna Gurevych, and Benno Stein. 2018. Before Name-Calling: Dynamics and Triggers of Ad Hominem Fallacies in Web Argumentation. In Proceedings of the 2018 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long Papers), pages 386–396, New Orleans, Louisiana. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Before Name-Calling: Dynamics and Triggers of Ad Hominem Fallacies in Web Argumentation (Habernal et al., NAACL 2018)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/N18-1036.pdf
Dataset:
 N18-1036.Datasets.zip
Video:
 http://vimeo.com/276425357
Code
 UKPLab/naacl2018-before-name-calling-habernal-et-al