UHop: An Unrestricted-Hop Relation Extraction Framework for Knowledge-Based Question Answering

Zi-Yuan Chen, Chih-Hung Chang, Yi-Pei Chen, Jijnasa Nayak, Lun-Wei Ku


Abstract
In relation extraction for knowledge-based question answering, searching from one entity to another entity via a single relation is called “one hop”. In related work, an exhaustive search from all one-hop relations, two-hop relations, and so on to the max-hop relations in the knowledge graph is necessary but expensive. Therefore, the number of hops is generally restricted to two or three. In this paper, we propose UHop, an unrestricted-hop framework which relaxes this restriction by use of a transition-based search framework to replace the relation-chain-based search one. We conduct experiments on conventional 1- and 2-hop questions as well as lengthy questions, including datasets such as WebQSP, PathQuestion, and Grid World. Results show that the proposed framework enables the ability to halt, works well with state-of-the-art models, achieves competitive performance without exhaustive searches, and opens the performance gap for long relation paths.
Anthology ID:
N19-1031
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long and Short Papers)
Month:
June
Year:
2019
Address:
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Venue:
NAACL
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
345–356
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/N19-1031
DOI:
10.18653/v1/N19-1031
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Zi-Yuan Chen, Chih-Hung Chang, Yi-Pei Chen, Jijnasa Nayak, and Lun-Wei Ku. 2019. UHop: An Unrestricted-Hop Relation Extraction Framework for Knowledge-Based Question Answering. In Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long and Short Papers), pages 345–356, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
UHop: An Unrestricted-Hop Relation Extraction Framework for Knowledge-Based Question Answering (Chen et al., NAACL 2019)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/N19-1031.pdf
Data
MetaQA