Multi-Task Deep Neural Networks for Natural Language Understanding

Xiaodong Liu, Pengcheng He, Weizhu Chen, Jianfeng Gao


Abstract
In this paper, we present a Multi-Task Deep Neural Network (MT-DNN) for learning representations across multiple natural language understanding (NLU) tasks. MT-DNN not only leverages large amounts of cross-task data, but also benefits from a regularization effect that leads to more general representations to help adapt to new tasks and domains. MT-DNN extends the model proposed in Liu et al. (2015) by incorporating a pre-trained bidirectional transformer language model, known as BERT (Devlin et al., 2018). MT-DNN obtains new state-of-the-art results on ten NLU tasks, including SNLI, SciTail, and eight out of nine GLUE tasks, pushing the GLUE benchmark to 82.7% (2.2% absolute improvement) as of February 25, 2019 on the latest GLUE test set. We also demonstrate using the SNLI and SciTail datasets that the representations learned by MT-DNN allow domain adaptation with substantially fewer in-domain labels than the pre-trained BERT representations. Our code and pre-trained models will be made publicly available.
Anthology ID:
P19-1441
Volume:
Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
Month:
July
Year:
2019
Address:
Florence, Italy
Venue:
ACL
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
4487–4496
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/P19-1441
DOI:
10.18653/v1/P19-1441
Bibkey:
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/P19-1441.pdf
Code
 namisan/mt-dnn +  additional community code
Data
CoLAGLUEMultiNLIQNLIQuora Question PairsSNLISSTSciTail