Yes, we can! Mining Arguments in 50 Years of US Presidential Campaign Debates

Shohreh Haddadan, Elena Cabrio, Serena Villata


Abstract
Political debates offer a rare opportunity for citizens to compare the candidates’ positions on the most controversial topics of the campaign. Thus they represent a natural application scenario for Argument Mining. As existing research lacks solid empirical investigation of the typology of argument components in political debates, we fill this gap by proposing an Argument Mining approach to political debates. We address this task in an empirical manner by annotating 39 political debates from the last 50 years of US presidential campaigns, creating a new corpus of 29k argument components, labeled as premises and claims. We then propose two tasks: (1) identifying the argumentative components in such debates, and (2) classifying them as premises and claims. We show that feature-rich SVM learners and Neural Network architectures outperform standard baselines in Argument Mining over such complex data. We release the new corpus USElecDeb60To16 and the accompanying software under free licenses to the research community.
Anthology ID:
P19-1463
Volume:
Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics
Month:
July
Year:
2019
Address:
Florence, Italy
Venue:
ACL
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
4684–4690
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/P19-1463
DOI:
10.18653/v1/P19-1463
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Shohreh Haddadan, Elena Cabrio, and Serena Villata. 2019. Yes, we can! Mining Arguments in 50 Years of US Presidential Campaign Debates. In Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 4684–4690, Florence, Italy. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Yes, we can! Mining Arguments in 50 Years of US Presidential Campaign Debates (Haddadan et al., ACL 2019)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/P19-1463.pdf
Code
 additional community code