Exploring Compositional Architectures and Word Vector Representations for Prepositional Phrase Attachment

Yonatan Belinkov, Tao Lei, Regina Barzilay, Amir Globerson


Abstract
Prepositional phrase (PP) attachment disambiguation is a known challenge in syntactic parsing. The lexical sparsity associated with PP attachments motivates research in word representations that can capture pertinent syntactic and semantic features of the word. One promising solution is to use word vectors induced from large amounts of raw text. However, state-of-the-art systems that employ such representations yield modest gains in PP attachment accuracy. In this paper, we show that word vector representations can yield significant PP attachment performance gains. This is achieved via a non-linear architecture that is discriminatively trained to maximize PP attachment accuracy. The architecture is initialized with word vectors trained from unlabeled data, and relearns those to maximize attachment accuracy. We obtain additional performance gains with alternative representations such as dependency-based word vectors. When tested on both English and Arabic datasets, our method outperforms both a strong SVM classifier and state-of-the-art parsers. For instance, we achieve 82.6% PP attachment accuracy on Arabic, while the Turbo and Charniak self-trained parsers obtain 76.7% and 80.8% respectively.
Anthology ID:
Q14-1043
Erratum e1:
Q14-1043e1
Volume:
Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Volume 2
Month:
Year:
2014
Address:
Cambridge, MA
Venue:
TACL
SIG:
Publisher:
MIT Press
Note:
Pages:
561–572
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/Q14-1043
DOI:
10.1162/tacl_a_00203
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Yonatan Belinkov, Tao Lei, Regina Barzilay, and Amir Globerson. 2014. Exploring Compositional Architectures and Word Vector Representations for Prepositional Phrase Attachment. Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 2:561–572.
Cite (Informal):
Exploring Compositional Architectures and Word Vector Representations for Prepositional Phrase Attachment (Belinkov et al., TACL 2014)
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PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/Q14-1043.pdf