PAT workbench: Annotation and Evaluation of Text and Pictures in Multimodal Instructions

Ielka van der Sluis, Lennart Kloppenburg, Gisela Redeker


Abstract
This paper presents a tool to investigate the design of multimodal instructions (MIs), i.e., instructions that contain both text and pictures. The benefit of including pictures in information presentation has been established, but the characteristics of those pictures and of their textual counterparts and the rela-tion(s) between them have not been researched in a systematic manner. We present the PAT Work-bench, a tool to store, annotate and retrieve MIs based on a validated coding scheme with currently 42 categories that describe instructions in terms of textual features, pictorial elements, and relations be-tween text and pictures. We describe how the PAT Workbench facilitates collaborative annotation and inter-annotator agreement calculation. Future work on the tool includes expanding its functionality and usability by (i) making the MI annotation scheme dynamic for adding relevant features based on empirical evaluations of the MIs, (ii) implementing algorithms for automatic tagging of MI features, and (iii) implementing automatic MI evaluation algorithms based on results obtained via e.g. crowdsourced assessments of MIs.
Anthology ID:
W16-4018
Volume:
Proceedings of the Workshop on Language Technology Resources and Tools for Digital Humanities (LT4DH)
Month:
December
Year:
2016
Address:
Osaka, Japan
Venue:
LT4DH
SIG:
Publisher:
The COLING 2016 Organizing Committee
Note:
Pages:
131–139
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/W16-4018
DOI:
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Ielka van der Sluis, Lennart Kloppenburg, and Gisela Redeker. 2016. PAT workbench: Annotation and Evaluation of Text and Pictures in Multimodal Instructions. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Language Technology Resources and Tools for Digital Humanities (LT4DH), pages 131–139, Osaka, Japan. The COLING 2016 Organizing Committee.
Cite (Informal):
PAT workbench: Annotation and Evaluation of Text and Pictures in Multimodal Instructions (van der Sluis et al., LT4DH 2016)
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PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/W16-4018.pdf