TMU Transformer System Using BERT for Re-ranking at BEA 2019 Grammatical Error Correction on Restricted Track

Masahiro Kaneko, Kengo Hotate, Satoru Katsumata, Mamoru Komachi


Abstract
We introduce our system that is submitted to the restricted track of the BEA 2019 shared task on grammatical error correction1 (GEC). It is essential to select an appropriate hypothesis sentence from the candidates list generated by the GEC model. A re-ranker can evaluate the naturalness of a corrected sentence using language models trained on large corpora. On the other hand, these language models and language representations do not explicitly take into account the grammatical errors written by learners. Thus, it is not straightforward to utilize language representations trained from a large corpus, such as Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT), in a form suitable for the learner’s grammatical errors. Therefore, we propose to fine-tune BERT on learner corpora with grammatical errors for re-ranking. The experimental results of the W&I+LOCNESS development dataset demonstrate that re-ranking using BERT can effectively improve the correction performance.
Anthology ID:
W19-4422
Volume:
Proceedings of the Fourteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications
Month:
August
Year:
2019
Address:
Florence, Italy
Venues:
ACL | BEA | WS
SIG:
SIGEDU
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
207–212
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/W19-4422
DOI:
10.18653/v1/W19-4422
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Masahiro Kaneko, Kengo Hotate, Satoru Katsumata, and Mamoru Komachi. 2019. TMU Transformer System Using BERT for Re-ranking at BEA 2019 Grammatical Error Correction on Restricted Track. In Proceedings of the Fourteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications, pages 207–212, Florence, Italy. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
TMU Transformer System Using BERT for Re-ranking at BEA 2019 Grammatical Error Correction on Restricted Track (Kaneko et al., 2019)
Copy Citation:
PDF:
https://aclanthology.org/W19-4422.pdf
Data
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