Aleksei Dorkin


2024

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TartuNLP at EvaLatin 2024: Emotion Polarity Detection
Aleksei Dorkin | Kairit Sirts
Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Language Technologies for Historical and Ancient Languages (LT4HALA) @ LREC-COLING-2024

The technical report for our submission at EvaLatin 2024 shared task. We apply knowledge transfer techniques and two distinct approaches to data annotation: based on heuristics and based on LLMs.

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Sõnajaht: Definition Embeddings and Semantic Search for Reverse Dictionary Creation
Aleksei Dorkin | Kairit Sirts
Proceedings of the 13th Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (*SEM 2024)

We present an information retrieval based reverse dictionary system using modern pre-trained language models and approximate nearest neighbors search algorithms. The proposed approach is applied to an existing Estonian language lexicon resource, Sõnaveeb (word web), with the purpose of enhancing and enriching it by introducing cross-lingual reverse dictionary functionality powered by semantic search. The performance of the system is evaluated using both an existing labeled English dataset of words and definitions that is extended to contain also Estonian and Russian translations, and a novel unlabeled evaluation approach that extracts the evaluation data from the lexicon resource itself using synonymy relations. Evaluation results indicate that the information retrieval based semantic search approach without any model training is feasible, producing median rank of 1 in the monolingual setting and median rank of 2 in the cross-lingual setting using the unlabeled evaluation approach, with models trained for cross-lingual retrieval and including Estonian in their training data showing superior performance in our particular task.

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TartuNLP @ SIGTYP 2024 Shared Task: Adapting XLM-RoBERTa for Ancient and Historical Languages
Aleksei Dorkin | Kairit Sirts
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Research in Computational Linguistic Typology and Multilingual NLP

We present our submission to the unconstrained subtask of the SIGTYP 2024 Shared Task on Word Embedding Evaluation for Ancient and Historical Languages for morphological annotation, POS-tagging, lemmatization, characterand word-level gap-filling. We developed a simple, uniform, and computationally lightweight approach based on the adapters framework using parameter-efficient fine-tuning. We applied the same adapter-based approach uniformly to all tasks and 16 languages by fine-tuning stacked language- and task-specific adapters. Our submission obtained an overall second place out of three submissions, with the first place in word-level gap-filling. Our results show the feasibility of adapting language models pre-trained on modern languages to historical and ancient languages via adapter training.

2023

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Comparison of Current Approaches to Lemmatization: A Case Study in Estonian
Aleksei Dorkin | Kairit Sirts
Proceedings of the 24th Nordic Conference on Computational Linguistics (NoDaLiDa)

This study evaluates three different lemmatization approaches to Estonian—Generative character-level models, Pattern-based word-level classification models, and rule-based morphological analysis. According to our experiments, a significantly smaller Generative model consistently outperforms the Pattern-based classification model based on EstBERT. Additionally, we observe a relatively small overlap in errors made by all three models, indicating that an ensemble of different approach could lead to improvements.