Alípio Mario Jorge
The place of ISO-Space in Text2Story multilayer annotation scheme
António Leal | Purificação Silvano | Evelin Amorim | Inês Cantante | Fátima Silva | Alípio Mario Jorge | Ricardo Campos
Proceedings of the 18th Joint ACL - ISO Workshop on Interoperable Semantic Annotation within LREC2022
Reasoning about spatial information is fundamental in natural language to fully understand relationships between entities and/or between events. However, the complexity underlying such reasoning makes it hard to represent formally spatial information. Despite the growing interest on this topic, and the development of some frameworks, many problems persist regarding, for instance, the coverage of a wide variety of linguistic constructions and of languages. In this paper, we present a proposal of integrating ISO-Space into a ISO-based multilayer annotation scheme, designed to annotate news in European Portuguese. This scheme already enables annotation at three levels, temporal, referential and thematic, by combining postulates from ISO 24617-1, 4 and 9. Since the corpus comprises news articles, and spatial information is relevant within this kind of texts, a more detailed account of space was required. The main objective of this paper is to discuss the process of integrating ISO-Space with the existing layers of our annotation scheme, assessing the compatibility of the aforementioned parts of ISO 24617, and the problems posed by the harmonization of the four layers and by some specifications of ISO-Space.
Developing a multilayer semantic annotation scheme based on ISO standards for the visualization of a newswire corpus
Purificação Silvano | António Leal | Fátima Silva | Inês Cantante | Fatima Oliveira | Alípio Mario Jorge
Proceedings of the 17th Joint ACL - ISO Workshop on Interoperable Semantic Annotation
In this paper, we describe the process of developing a multilayer semantic annotation scheme designed for extracting information from a European Portuguese corpus of news articles, at three levels, temporal, referential and semantic role labelling. The novelty of this scheme is the harmonization of parts 1, 4 and 9 of the ISO 24617 Language resource management - Semantic annotation framework. This annotation framework includes a set of entity structures (participants, events, times) and a set of links (temporal, aspectual, subordination, objectal and semantic roles) with several tags and attribute values that ensure adequate semantic and visual representations of news stories.
- António Leal 2
- Purificação Silvano 2
- Inês Cantante 2
- Fátima Silva 2
- Evelin Amorim 1
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