Beatriz Silva


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Findings of the WMT 2023 Shared Task on Quality Estimation
Frederic Blain | Chrysoula Zerva | Ricardo Ribeiro | Nuno M. Guerreiro | Diptesh Kanojia | José G. C. de Souza | Beatriz Silva | Tânia Vaz | Yan Jingxuan | Fatemeh Azadi | Constantin Orasan | André Martins
Proceedings of the Eighth Conference on Machine Translation

We report the results of the WMT 2023 shared task on Quality Estimation, in which the challenge is to predict the quality of the output of neural machine translation systems at the word and sentence levels, without access to reference translations. This edition introduces a few novel aspects and extensions that aim to enable more fine-grained, and explainable quality estimation approaches. We introduce an updated quality annotation scheme using Multidimensional Quality Metrics to obtain sentence- and word-level quality scores for three language pairs. We also extend the provided data to new language pairs: we specifically target low-resource languages and provide training, development and test data for English-Hindi, English-Tamil, English-Telegu and English-Gujarati as well as a zero-shot test-set for English-Farsi. Further, we introduce a novel fine-grained error prediction task aspiring to motivate research towards more detailed quality predictions.

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Empirical Assessment of kNN-MT for Real-World Translation Scenarios
Pedro Henrique Martins | João Alves | Tânia Vaz | Madalena Gonçalves | Beatriz Silva | Marianna Buchicchio | José G. C. de Souza | André F. T. Martins
Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the European Association for Machine Translation

This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of the k-Nearest Neighbor Machine Translation model (kNN-MT) in real-world scenarios. kNN-MT is a retrieval-augmented framework that combines the advantages of parametric models with non-parametric datastores built using a set of parallel sentences. Previous studies have primarily focused on evaluating the model using only the BLEU metric and have not tested kNN-MT in real world scenarios. Our study aims to fill this gap by conducting a comprehensive analysis on various datasets comprising different language pairs and different domains, using multiple automatic metrics and expert evaluated Multidimensional Quality Metrics (MQM). We compare kNN-MT with two alternate strategies: fine-tuning all the model parameters and adapter-based finetuning. Finally, we analyze the effect of the datastore size on translation quality, and we examine the number of entries necessary to bootstrap and configure the index.