Blake Howald

Also published as: Blake Stephen Howald


pdf bib
WAFFLE: A Graph for WordNet Applied to FreeForm Linguistic Exploration
Berk Ekmekci | Blake Howald
Proceedings of Second Workshop for NLP Open Source Software (NLP-OSS)

The WordNet database of English (Fellbaum, 1998) is a key source of semantic information for research and development of natural language processing applications. As the sophistication of these applications increases with the use of large datasets, deep learning, and graph-based methods, so should the use of WordNet. To this end, we introduce WAFFLE: WordNet Applied to FreeForm Linguistic Exploration which makes WordNet available in an open source graph data structure. The WAFFLE graph relies on platform agnostic formats for robust interrogation and flexibility. Where existing implementations of WordNet offer dictionary-like lookup, single degree neighborhood operations, and path based similarity-scoring, the WAFFLE graph makes all nodes (semantic relation sets) and relationships queryable at scale, enabling local and global analysis of all relationships without the need for custom code. We demonstrate WAFFLE’s ease of use, visualization capabilities, and scalable efficiency with common queries, operations, and interactions. WAFFLE is available at


pdf bib
A Statistical NLG Framework for Aggregated Planning and Realization
Ravi Kondadadi | Blake Howald | Frank Schilder
Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

pdf bib
Domain Adaptable Semantic Clustering in Statistical NLG
Blake Howald | Ravikumar Kondadadi | Frank Schilder
Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computational Semantics (IWCS 2013) – Long Papers

pdf bib
GenNext: A Consolidated Domain Adaptable NLG System
Frank Schilder | Blake Howald | Ravi Kondadadi
Proceedings of the 14th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation


pdf bib
The Use of Granularity in Rhetorical Relation Prediction
Blake Howald | Martha Abramson
*SEM 2012: The First Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics – Volume 1: Proceedings of the main conference and the shared task, and Volume 2: Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval 2012)


pdf bib
The Exploitation of Spatial Information in Narrative Discourse
Blake Stephen Howald | E. Graham Katz
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computational Semantics (IWCS 2011)