Bo Peng


pdf bib
Emstremo: Adapting Emotional Support Response with Enhanced Emotion-Strategy Integrated Selection
Junlin Li | Bo Peng | Yu-Yin Hsu
Proceedings of the 2024 Joint International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-COLING 2024)

To provide effective support, it is essential for a skilled supporter to emotionally resonate with the help-seeker’s current emotional state. In conversational interactions, this emotional alignment is further influenced by the comforting strategies employed by the supporter. Different strategies guide the interlocutors to align their emotions in nuanced patterns. However, the incorporation of strategy into emotional alignment in the context of emotional support agents remains underexplored. To address this limitation, we propose an improved emotional support agent called Emstremo. Emstremo aims to achieve strategic control of emotional alignment by perceiving and responding to the user’s emotions. Our system’s state-of-the-art performance emphasizes the importance of integrating emotions and strategies in modeling conversations that provide emotional support.

pdf bib
Predicting Mandarin and Cantonese Adult Speakers’ Eye-Movement Patterns in Natural Reading
Li Junlin | Yu-Yin Hsu | Emmanuele Chersoni | Bo Peng
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Research in Computational Linguistic Typology and Multilingual NLP

Please find the attached PDF file for the extended abstract of our study.


pdf bib
Comparing and Predicting Eye-tracking Data of Mandarin and Cantonese
Junlin Li | Bo Peng | Yu-yin Hsu | Emmanuele Chersoni
Tenth Workshop on NLP for Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects (VarDial 2023)

Eye-tracking data in Chinese languages present unique challenges due to the non-alphabetic and unspaced nature of the Chinese writing systems. This paper introduces the first deeply-annotated joint Mandarin-Cantonese eye-tracking dataset, from which we achieve a unified eye-tracking prediction system for both language varieties. In addition to the commonly studied first fixation duration and the total fixation duration, this dataset also includes the second fixation duration, expressing fixation patterns that are more relevant to higher-level, structural processing. A basic comparison of the features and measurements in our dataset revealed variation between Mandarin and Cantonese on fixation patterns related to word class and word position. The test of feature usefulness suggested that traditional features are less powerful in predicting the second-pass fixation, to which the linear distance to root makes a leading contribution in Mandarin. In contrast, Cantonese eye-movement behavior relies more on word position and part of speech.

pdf bib
RWKV: Reinventing RNNs for the Transformer Era
Bo Peng | Eric Alcaide | Quentin Anthony | Alon Albalak | Samuel Arcadinho | Stella Biderman | Huanqi Cao | Xin Cheng | Michael Chung | Leon Derczynski | Xingjian Du | Matteo Grella | Kranthi Gv | Xuzheng He | Haowen Hou | Przemyslaw Kazienko | Jan Kocon | Jiaming Kong | Bartłomiej Koptyra | Hayden Lau | Jiaju Lin | Krishna Sri Ipsit Mantri | Ferdinand Mom | Atsushi Saito | Guangyu Song | Xiangru Tang | Johan Wind | Stanisław Woźniak | Zhenyuan Zhang | Qinghua Zhou | Jian Zhu | Rui-Jie Zhu
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Transformers have revolutionized almost all natural language processing (NLP) tasks but suffer from memory and computational complexity that scales quadratically with sequence length. In contrast, recurrent neural networks (RNNs) exhibit linear scaling in memory and computational requirements but struggle to match the same performance as Transformers due to limitations in parallelization and scalability. We propose a novel model architecture, Receptance Weighted Key Value (RWKV), that combines the efficient parallelizable training of transformers with the efficient inference of RNNs. Our approach leverages a linear attention mechanism and allows us to formulate the model as either a Transformer or an RNN, thus parallelizing computations during training and maintains constant computational and memory complexity during inference. We scale our models as large as 14 billion parameters, by far the largest dense RNN ever trained, and find RWKV performs on par with similarly sized Transformers, suggesting future work can leverage this architecture to create more efficient models. This work presents a significant step towards reconciling trade-offs between computational efficiency and model performance in sequence processing tasks.

pdf bib
Fine-grained Medical Vision-Language Representation Learning for Radiology Report Generation
Siyuan Wang | Bo Peng | Yichao Liu | Qi Peng
Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Given the input radiology images, the objective of radiology report generation is to produce accurate and comprehensive medical reports, which typically include multiple descriptive clinical sentences associated with different phenotypes. Most existing works have relied on a pre-trained vision encoder to extract the visual representations of the images. In this study, we propose a phenotype-driven medical vision-language representation learning framework to efficiently bridge the gap between visual and textual modalities for improved text-oriented generation. In contrast to conventional methods which learn medical vision-language representations by contrasting images with entire reports, our approach learns more fine-grained representations by contrasting images with each sentence within the reports. The learned fine-grained representations can be used to improve radiology report generation. The experiments on two widely-used datasets MIMIC-CXR and IU X-ray demonstrate that our method can achieve promising performances and substantially outperform the conventional vision-language representation learning methods.

pdf bib
A Self-training Framework for Automated Medical Report Generation
Siyuan Wang | Zheng Liu | Bo Peng
Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Medical report generation, focusing on automatically generating accurate clinical findings from medical images, is an important medical artificial intelligence task. It reduces the workload of physicians in writing reports. Many of the current methods depend heavily on labeled datasets that include a large amount of image-report pairs, but such datasets labeled by physicians are hard to acquire in clinical practice. To this end, in this paper, we introduce a self-training framework named REMOTE (i.e., Revisiting sElf-training for Medical repOrT gEneration) to exploit the unlabeled medical images and a reference-free evaluation metric MedCLIPScore to augment a small-scale medical report generation dataset for training accurate medical report generation model. Experiments and analysis conducted on the MIMIC-CXR and IU-Xray benchmark datasets demonstrate that, our REMOTE framework, using 1% labeled training data, achieves competitive performance with previous fully-supervised models that are trained on entire training data.

pdf bib
Identifying ESG Impact with Key Information
Le Qiu | Bo Peng | Jinghang Gu | Yu-Yin Hsu | Emmanuele Chersoni
Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Financial Technology and Natural Language Processing

The paper presents a concise summary of our work for the ML-ESG-2 shared task, exclusively on the Chinese and English datasets. ML-ESG-2 aims to ascertain the influence of news articles on corporations, specifically from an ESG perspective. To this end, we generally explored the capability of key information for impact identification and experimented with various techniques at different levels. For instance, we attempted to incorporate important information at the word level with TF-IDF, at the sentence level with TextRank, and at the document level with summarization. The final results reveal that the one with GPT-4 for summarisation yields the best predictions.

pdf bib
Proceedings of the 37th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation
Chu-Ren Huang | Yasunari Harada | Jong-Bok Kim | Si Chen | Yu-Yin Hsu | Emmanuele Chersoni | Pranav A | Winnie Huiheng Zeng | Bo Peng | Yuxi Li | Junlin Li
Proceedings of the 37th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation


pdf bib
Discovering Financial Hypernyms by Prompting Masked Language Models
Bo Peng | Emmanuele Chersoni | Yu-Yin Hsu | Chu-Ren Huang
Proceedings of the 4th Financial Narrative Processing Workshop @LREC2022

With the rising popularity of Transformer-based language models, several studies have tried to exploit their masked language modeling capabilities to automatically extract relational linguistic knowledge, although this kind of research has rarely investigated semantic relations in specialized domains. The present study aims at testing a general-domain and a domain-adapted Transformer models on two datasets of financial term-hypernym pairs using the prompt methodology. Our results show that the differences of prompts impact critically on models’ performance, and that domain adaptation on financial text generally improves the capacity of the models to associate the target terms with the right hypernyms, although the more successful models are those retaining a general-domain vocabulary.


pdf bib
ROCLING-2021 Shared Task: Dimensional Sentiment Analysis for Educational Texts
Liang-Chih Yu | Jin Wang | Bo Peng | Chu-Ren Huang
Proceedings of the 33rd Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing (ROCLING 2021)

This paper presents the ROCLING 2021 shared task on dimensional sentiment analysis for educational texts which seeks to identify a real-value sentiment score of self-evaluation comments written by Chinese students in the both valence and arousal dimensions. Valence represents the degree of pleasant and unpleasant (or positive and negative) feelings, and arousal represents the degree of excitement and calm. Of the 7 teams registered for this shared task for two-dimensional sentiment analysis, 6 submitted results. We expected that this evaluation campaign could produce more advanced dimensional sentiment analysis techniques for the educational domain. All data sets with gold standards and scoring script are made publicly available to researchers.

pdf bib
Is Domain Adaptation Worth Your Investment? Comparing BERT and FinBERT on Financial Tasks
Bo Peng | Emmanuele Chersoni | Yu-Yin Hsu | Chu-Ren Huang
Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Economics and Natural Language Processing

With the recent rise in popularity of Transformer models in Natural Language Processing, research efforts have been dedicated to the development of domain-adapted versions of BERT-like architectures. In this study, we focus on FinBERT, a Transformer model trained on text from the financial domain. By comparing its performances with the original BERT on a wide variety of financial text processing tasks, we found continual pretraining from the original model to be the more beneficial option. Domain-specific pretraining from scratch, conversely, seems to be less effective.

pdf bib
TGEA: An Error-Annotated Dataset and Benchmark Tasks for TextGeneration from Pretrained Language Models
Jie He | Bo Peng | Yi Liao | Qun Liu | Deyi Xiong
Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 1: Long Papers)

In order to deeply understand the capability of pretrained language models in text generation and conduct a diagnostic evaluation, we propose TGEA, an error-annotated dataset with multiple benchmark tasks for text generation from pretrained language models (PLMs). We use carefully selected prompt words to guide GPT-2 to generate candidate sentences, from which we select 47K for error annotation. Crowdsourced workers manually check each of these sentences and detect 12k erroneous sentences. We create an error taxonomy to cover 24 types of errors occurring in these erroneous sentences according to the nature of errors with respect to linguistics and knowledge (e.g., common sense). For each erroneous span in PLM-generated sentences, we also detect another span that is closely associated with it. Each error is hence manually labeled with comprehensive annotations, including the span of the error, the associated span, minimal correction to the error, the type of the error, and rationale behind the error. Apart from the fully annotated dataset, we also present a detailed description of the data collection procedure, statistics and analysis of the dataset. This is the first dataset with comprehensive annotations for PLM-generated texts, which facilitates the diagnostic evaluation of PLM-based text generation. Furthermore, we use TGEA as a benchmark dataset and propose a series of automatic diagnosis tasks, including error detection, error type classification, associated span detection, error rationale generation, to further promote future study on the automatic error detection and correction on texts generated by pretrained language models.


pdf bib
YNU-HPCC at SemEval-2018 Task 3: Ensemble Neural Network Models for Irony Detection on Twitter
Bo Peng | Jin Wang | Xuejie Zhang
Proceedings of the 12th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation

This paper describe the system we proposed to participate the first year of Irony detection in English tweets competition. Previous works demonstrate that LSTMs models have achieved remarkable performance in natural language processing; besides, combining multiple classification from various individual classifiers in general is more powerful than a single classification. In order to obtain more precision classification of irony detection, our system trained several individual neural network classifiers and combined their results according to the ensemble-learning algorithm.


pdf bib
Chinese Grammatical Error Diagnosis Using Single Word Embedding
Jinnan Yang | Bo Peng | Jin Wang | Jixian Zhang | Xuejie Zhang
Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Natural Language Processing Techniques for Educational Applications (NLPTEA2016)

Automatic grammatical error detection for Chinese has been a big challenge for NLP researchers. Due to the formal and strict grammar rules in Chinese, it is hard for foreign students to master Chinese. A computer-assisted learning tool which can automatically detect and correct Chinese grammatical errors is necessary for those foreign students. Some of the previous works have sought to identify Chinese grammatical errors using template- and learning-based methods. In contrast, this study introduced convolutional neural network (CNN) and long-short term memory (LSTM) for the shared task of Chinese Grammatical Error Diagnosis (CGED). Different from traditional word-based embedding, single word embedding was used as input of CNN and LSTM. The proposed single word embedding can capture both semantic and syntactic information to detect those four type grammatical error. In experimental evaluation, the recall and f1-score of our submitted results Run1 of the TOCFL testing data ranked the fourth place in all submissions in detection-level.


pdf bib
WordTopic-MultiRank: A New Method for Automatic Keyphrase Extraction
Fan Zhang | Lian’en Huang | Bo Peng
Proceedings of the Sixth International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing