Data Synthesis and Iterative Refinement for Neural Semantic Parsing without Annotated Logical Forms
Wu Shan | Chen Bo | Han Xianpei | Sun Le
Proceedings of the 21st Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics
“Semantic parsing aims to convert natural language utterances to logical forms. A critical challenge for constructing semantic parsers is the lack of labeled data. In this paper, we propose a data synthesis and iterative refinement framework for neural semantic parsing, which can build semantic parsers without annotated logical forms. We first generate a naive corpus by sampling logic forms from knowledge bases and synthesizing their canonical utterances. Then, we further propose a bootstrapping algorithm to iteratively refine data and model, via a denoising language model and knowledge-constrained decoding. Experimental results show that our approach achieves competitive performance on GEO, ATIS and OVERNIGHT datasets in both unsupervised and semi-supervised data settings.”
EUSP: An Easy-to-Use Semantic Parsing PlatForm
Bo An | Chen Bo | Xianpei Han | Le Sun
Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP): System Demonstrations
Semantic parsing aims to map natural language utterances into structured meaning representations. We present a modular platform, EUSP (Easy-to-Use Semantic Parsing PlatForm), that facilitates developers to build semantic parser from scratch. Instead of requiring a large amount of training data or complex grammar knowledge, in our platform developers can build grammar-based semantic parser or neural-based semantic parser through configure files which specify the modules and components that compose semantic parsing system. A high quality grammar-based semantic parsing system only requires domain lexicons rather than costly training data for a semantic parser. Furthermore, we provide a browser-based method to generate the semantic parsing system to minimize the difficulty of development. Experimental results show that the neural-based semantic parser system achieves competitive performance on semantic parsing task, and grammar-based semantic parsers significantly improve the performance of a business search engine.
- Wu Shan 1
- Han Xianpei 1
- Sun Le 1
- Bo An 1
- Xianpei Han 1
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