Chenfei Wu


pdf bib
NUWA-XL: Diffusion over Diffusion for eXtremely Long Video Generation
Shengming Yin | Chenfei Wu | Huan Yang | Jianfeng Wang | Xiaodong Wang | Minheng Ni | Zhengyuan Yang | Linjie Li | Shuguang Liu | Fan Yang | Jianlong Fu | Ming Gong | Lijuan Wang | Zicheng Liu | Houqiang Li | Nan Duan
Proceedings of the 61st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

In this paper, we propose NUWA-XL, a novel Diffusion over Diffusion architecture for eXtremely Long video generation. Most current work generates long videos segment by segment sequentially, which normally leads to the gap between training on short videos and inferring long videos, and the sequential generation is inefficient. Instead, our approach adopts a “coarse-to-fine” process, in which the video can be generated in parallel at the same granularity. A global diffusion model is applied to generate the keyframes across the entire time range, and then local diffusion models recursively fill in the content between nearby frames. This simple yet effective strategy allows us to directly train on long videos (3376 frames) to reduce the training-inference gap and makes it possible to generate all segments in parallel. To evaluate our model, we build FlintstonesHD dataset, a new benchmark for long video generation. Experiments show that our model not only generates high-quality long videos with both global and local coherence, but also decreases the average inference time from 7.55min to 26s (by 94.26%) at the same hardware setting when generating 1024 frames. The homepage link is [NUWA-XL](

pdf bib
ManagerTower: Aggregating the Insights of Uni-Modal Experts for Vision-Language Representation Learning
Xiao Xu | Bei Li | Chenfei Wu | Shao-Yen Tseng | Anahita Bhiwandiwalla | Shachar Rosenman | Vasudev Lal | Wanxiang Che | Nan Duan
Proceedings of the 61st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

Two-Tower Vision-Language (VL) models have shown promising improvements on various downstream VL tasks. Although the most advanced work improves performance by building bridges between encoders, it suffers from ineffective layer-by-layer utilization of uni-modal representations and cannot flexibly exploit different levels of uni-modal semantic knowledge. In this work, we propose ManagerTower, a novel VL model architecture that gathers and combines the insights of pre-trained uni-modal experts at different levels. The managers introduced in each cross-modal layer can adaptively aggregate uni-modal semantic knowledge to facilitate more comprehensive cross-modal alignment and fusion. ManagerTower outperforms previous strong baselines both with and without Vision-Language Pre-training (VLP). With only 4M VLP data, ManagerTower achieves superior performances on various downstream VL tasks, especially 79.15% accuracy on VQAv2 Test-Std, 86.56% IR@1 and 95.64% TR@1 on Flickr30K. Code and checkpoints are available at


pdf bib
KD-VLP: Improving End-to-End Vision-and-Language Pretraining with Object Knowledge Distillation
Yongfei Liu | Chenfei Wu | Shao-Yen Tseng | Vasudev Lal | Xuming He | Nan Duan
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: NAACL 2022

Self-supervised vision-and-language pretraining (VLP) aims to learn transferable multi-modal representations from large-scale image-text data and to achieve strong performances on a broad scope of vision-language tasks after finetuning. Previous mainstream VLP approaches typically adopt a two-step strategy relying on external object detectors to encode images in a multi-modal Transformer framework, which suffer from restrictive object concept space, limited image context and inefficient computation. In this paper, we propose an object-aware end-to-end VLP framework, which directly feeds image grid features from CNNs into the Transformer and learns the multi-modal representations jointly. More importantly, we propose to perform object knowledge distillation to facilitate learning cross-modal alignment at different semantic levels. To achieve that, we design two novel pretext tasks by taking object features and their semantic labels from external detectors as supervision: 1.) Object-guided masked vision modeling task focuses on enforcing object-aware representation learning in the multi-modal Transformer; 2.) Phrase-region alignment task aims to improve cross-modal alignment by utilizing the similarities between noun phrases and object labels in the linguistic space. Extensive experiments on a wide range of vision-language tasks demonstrate the efficacy of our proposed framework, and we achieve competitive or superior performances over the existing pretraining strategies.


pdf bib
GEM: A General Evaluation Benchmark for Multimodal Tasks
Lin Su | Nan Duan | Edward Cui | Lei Ji | Chenfei Wu | Huaishao Luo | Yongfei Liu | Ming Zhong | Taroon Bharti | Arun Sacheti
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL-IJCNLP 2021