Chengbo Jiao


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Bridging the Granularity Gap for Acoustic Modeling
Chen Xu | Yuhao Zhang | Chengbo Jiao | Xiaoqian Liu | Chi Hu | Xin Zeng | Tong Xiao | Anxiang Ma | Huizhen Wang | Jingbo Zhu
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL 2023

While Transformer has become the de-facto standard for speech, modeling upon the fine-grained frame-level features remains an open challenge of capturing long-distance dependencies and distributing the attention weights. We propose Progressive Down-Sampling (PDS) which gradually compresses the acoustic features into coarser-grained units containing more complete semantic information, like text-level representation. In addition, we develop a representation fusion method to alleviate information loss that occurs inevitably during high compression. In this way, we compress the acoustic features into 1/32 of the initial length while achieving better or comparable performances on the speech recognition task. And as a bonus, it yields inference speedups ranging from 1.20x to 1.47x.By reducing the modeling burden, we also achieve competitive results when training on the more challenging speech translation task.


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Supporting Medical Relation Extraction via Causality-Pruned Semantic Dependency Forest
Yifan Jin | Jiangmeng Li | Zheng Lian | Chengbo Jiao | Xiaohui Hu
Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

Medical Relation Extraction (MRE) task aims to extract relations between entities in medical texts. Traditional relation extraction methods achieve impressive success by exploring the syntactic information, e.g., dependency tree. However, the quality of the 1-best dependency tree for medical texts produced by an out-of-domain parser is relatively limited so that the performance of medical relation extraction method may degenerate. To this end, we propose a method to jointly model semantic and syntactic information from medical texts based on causal explanation theory. We generate dependency forests consisting of the semantic-embedded 1-best dependency tree. Then, a task-specific causal explainer is adopted to prune the dependency forests, which are further fed into a designed graph convolutional network to learn the corresponding representation for downstream task. Empirically, the various comparisons on benchmark medical datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our model.