Daniel Smith


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Causal Matching with Text Embeddings: A Case Study in Estimating the Causal Effects of Peer Review Policies
Raymond Zhang | Neha Nayak Kennard | Daniel Smith | Daniel McFarland | Andrew McCallum | Katherine Keith
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL 2023

A promising approach to estimate the causal effects of peer review policies is to analyze data from publication venues that shift policies from single-blind to double-blind from one year to the next. However, in these settings the content of the manuscript is a confounding variable—each year has a different distribution of scientific content which may naturally affect the distribution of reviewer scores. To address this textual confounding, we extend variable ratio nearest neighbor matching to incorporate text embeddings. We compare this matching method to a widely-used causal method of stratified propensity score matching and a baseline of randomly selected matches. For our case study of the ICLR conference shifting from single- to double-blind review from 2017 to 2018, we find human judges prefer manuscript matches from our method in 70% of cases. While the unadjusted estimate of the average causal effect of reviewers’ scores is -0.25, our method shifts the estimate to -0.17, a slightly smaller difference between the outcomes of single- and double-blind policies. We hope this case study enables exploration of additional text-based causal estimation methods and domains in the future.


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Morphological Analysis of Sahidic Coptic for Automatic Glossing
Daniel Smith | Mans Hulden
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

We report on the implementation of a morphological analyzer for the Sahidic dialect of Coptic, a now extinct Afro-Asiatic language. The system is developed in the finite-state paradigm. The main purpose of the project is provide a method by which scholars and linguists can semi-automatically gloss extant texts written in Sahidic. Since a complete lexicon containing all attested forms in different manuscripts requires significant expertise in Coptic spanning almost 1,000 years, we have equipped the analyzer with a core lexicon and extended it with a “guesser” ability to capture out-of-vocabulary items in any inflection. We also suggest an ASCII transliteration for the language. A brief evaluation is provided.


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Named Entity Recognition for Question Answering
Diego Mollá | Menno van Zaanen | Daniel Smith
Proceedings of the Australasian Language Technology Workshop 2006