Daniel Varab


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Abstractive Summarizers are Excellent Extractive Summarizers
Daniel Varab | Yumo Xu
Proceedings of the 61st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 2: Short Papers)

Extractive and abstractive summarization designs have historically been fragmented, limiting the benefits that often arise from compatible model architectures. In this paper, we explore the potential synergies of modeling extractive summarization with an abstractive summarization system and propose three novel inference algorithms using the sequence-to-sequence architecture. We evaluate them on the CNN & Dailymail dataset and show that recent advancements in abstractive system designs enable abstractive systems to not only compete, but even surpass the performance of extractive systems with custom architectures. To our surprise, abstractive systems achieve this without being exposed to extractive oracle summaries and, therefore, for the first time allow a single model to produce both abstractive and extractive summaries. This evidence questions our fundamental understanding of extractive system design, and the necessity for extractive labels while pathing the way for promising research directions in hybrid models.


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Experimental Standards for Deep Learning in Natural Language Processing Research
Dennis Ulmer | Elisa Bassignana | Max Müller-Eberstein | Daniel Varab | Mike Zhang | Rob van der Goot | Christian Hardmeier | Barbara Plank
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2022

The field of Deep Learning (DL) has undergone explosive growth during the last decade, with a substantial impact on Natural Language Processing (NLP) as well. Yet, compared to more established disciplines, a lack of common experimental standards remains an open challenge to the field at large. Starting from fundamental scientific principles, we distill ongoing discussions on experimental standards in NLP into a single, widely-applicable methodology. Following these best practices is crucial to strengthen experimental evidence, improve reproducibility and enable scientific progress. These standards are further collected in a public repository to help them transparently adapt to future needs.


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The Danish Gigaword Corpus
Leon Strømberg-Derczynski | Manuel Ciosici | Rebekah Baglini | Morten H. Christiansen | Jacob Aarup Dalsgaard | Riccardo Fusaroli | Peter Juel Henrichsen | Rasmus Hvingelby | Andreas Kirkedal | Alex Speed Kjeldsen | Claus Ladefoged | Finn Årup Nielsen | Jens Madsen | Malte Lau Petersen | Jonathan Hvithamar Rystrøm | Daniel Varab
Proceedings of the 23rd Nordic Conference on Computational Linguistics (NoDaLiDa)

Danish language technology has been hindered by a lack of broad-coverage corpora at the scale modern NLP prefers. This paper describes the Danish Gigaword Corpus, the result of a focused effort to provide a diverse and freely-available one billion word corpus of Danish text. The Danish Gigaword corpus covers a wide array of time periods, domains, speakers’ socio-economic status, and Danish dialects.

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MassiveSumm: a very large-scale, very multilingual, news summarisation dataset
Daniel Varab | Natalie Schluter
Proceedings of the 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Current research in automatic summarisation is unapologetically anglo-centered–a persistent state-of-affairs, which also predates neural net approaches. High-quality automatic summarisation datasets are notoriously expensive to create, posing a challenge for any language. However, with digitalisation, archiving, and social media advertising of newswire articles, recent work has shown how, with careful methodology application, large-scale datasets can now be simply gathered instead of written. In this paper, we present a large-scale multilingual summarisation dataset containing articles in 92 languages, spread across 28.8 million articles, in more than 35 writing scripts. This is both the largest, most inclusive, existing automatic summarisation dataset, as well as one of the largest, most inclusive, ever published datasets for any NLP task. We present the first investigation on the efficacy of resource building from news platforms in the low-resource language setting. Finally, we provide some first insight on how low-resource language settings impact state-of-the-art automatic summarisation system performance.


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DaNewsroom: A Large-scale Danish Summarisation Dataset
Daniel Varab | Natalie Schluter
Proceedings of the Twelfth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

Dataset development for automatic summarisation systems is notoriously English-oriented. In this paper we present the first large-scale non-English language dataset specifically curated for automatic summarisation. The document-summary pairs are news articles and manually written summaries in the Danish language. There has previously been no work done to establish a Danish summarisation dataset, nor any published work on the automatic summarisation of Danish. We provide therefore the first automatic summarisation dataset for the Danish language (large-scale or otherwise). To support the comparison of future automatic summarisation systems for Danish, we include system performance on this dataset of strong well-established unsupervised baseline systems, together with an oracle extractive summariser, which is the first account of automatic summarisation system performance for Danish. Finally, we make all code for automatically acquiring the data freely available and make explicit how this technology can easily be adapted in order to acquire automatic summarisation datasets for further languages.


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UniParse: A universal graph-based parsing toolkit
Daniel Varab | Natalie Schluter
Proceedings of the 22nd Nordic Conference on Computational Linguistics

This paper describes the design and use of the graph-based parsing framework and toolkit UniParse, released as an open-source python software package. UniParse as a framework novelly streamlines research prototyping, development and evaluation of graph-based dependency parsing architectures. UniParse does this by enabling highly efficient, sufficiently independent, easily readable, and easily extensible implementations for all dependency parser components. We distribute the toolkit with ready-made configurations as re-implementations of all current state-of-the-art first-order graph-based parsers, including even more efficient Cython implementations of both encoders and decoders, as well as the required specialised loss functions.


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When data permutations are pathological: the case of neural natural language inference
Natalie Schluter | Daniel Varab
Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Consider two competitive machine learning models, one of which was considered state-of-the art, and the other a competitive baseline. Suppose that by just permuting the examples of the training set, say by reversing the original order, by shuffling, or by mini-batching, you could report substantially better/worst performance for the system of your choice, by multiple percentage points. In this paper, we illustrate this scenario for a trending NLP task: Natural Language Inference (NLI). We show that for the two central NLI corpora today, the learning process of neural systems is far too sensitive to permutations of the data. In doing so we reopen the question of how to judge a good neural architecture for NLI, given the available dataset and perhaps, further, the soundness of the NLI task itself in its current state.