Darinka Verdonik


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Gos 2: A New Reference Corpus of Spoken Slovenian
Darinka Verdonik | Kaja Dobrovoljc | Tomaž Erjavec | Nikola Ljubešić
Proceedings of the 2024 Joint International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-COLING 2024)

This paper introduces a new version of the Gos reference corpus of spoken Slovenian, which was recently extended to more than double the original size (300 hours, 2.4 million words) by adding speech recordings and transcriptions from two related initiatives, the Gos VideoLectures corpus of public academic speech, and the Artur speech recognition database. We describe this process by first presenting the criteria guiding the balanced selection of the newly added data and the challenges encountered when merging language resources with divergent designs, followed by the presentation of other major enhancements of the new Gos corpus, such as improvements in lemmatization and morphosyntactic annotation, word-level speech alignment, a new XML schema and the development of a specialized online concordancer.


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The SI TEDx-UM speech database: a new Slovenian Spoken Language Resource
Andrej Žgank | Mirjam Sepesy Maučec | Darinka Verdonik
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

This paper presents a new Slovenian spoken language resource built from TEDx Talks. The speech database contains 242 talks in total duration of 54 hours. The annotation and transcription of acquired spoken material was generated automatically, applying acoustic segmentation and automatic speech recognition. The development and evaluation subset was also manually transcribed using the guidelines specified for the Slovenian GOS corpus. The manual transcriptions were used to evaluate the quality of unsupervised transcriptions. The average word error rate for the SI TEDx-UM evaluation subset was 50.7%, with out of vocabulary rate of 24% and language model perplexity of 390. The unsupervised transcriptions contain 372k tokens, where 32k of them were different.


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The Slovene BNSI Broadcast News database and reference speech corpus GOS: Towards the uniform guidelines for future work
Andrej Žgank | Ana Zwitter Vitez | Darinka Verdonik
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

The aim of the paper is to search for common guidelines for the future development of speech databases for less resourced languages in order to make them the most useful for both main fields of their use, linguistic research and speech technologies. We compare two standards for creating speech databases, one followed when developing the Slovene speech database for automatic speech recognition ― BNSI Broadcast News, the other followed when developing the Slovene reference speech corpus GOS, and outline possible common guidelines for future work. We also present an add-on for the GOS corpus, which enables its usage for automatic speech recognition.


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SINOD - Slovenian non-native speech database
Andrej Žgank | Darinka Verdonik | Aleksandra Zögling Markuš | Zdravko Kačič
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’06)

This paper presents the SINOD database, which is the first Slovenian non-native speech database. It will be used to improve the performance of large vocabulary continuous speech recogniser for non-native speakers. The main quality impact is expected for acoustic models and recogniser’s vocabulary. The SINOD database is designed as supplement to the Slovenian BNSI Broadcast News database. The same BN recommendations were used for both databases. Two interviews with non-native Slovenian speakers were incorporated in the set. Both non-native speakers were female, whereas the journalist was Slovenian native male speaker. The transcription approach applied in the production phase is presented. Different statistics and analyses of database are given in the paper.

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Are you ready for a call? - Spontaneous conversations in tourism for speech-to-speech translation systems
Darinka Verdonik | Matej Rojc
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’06)

The paper represents the Turdis database of spontaneous conversations in tourist domain in Slovenian language. Database was built for use in developing speech-to-speech translation components, however it can be used also for developing dialog systems or used for linguistic researches. The idea was to record a database of telephone conversations in tourism where the naturalness of conversations is affected as little as possible while we still obtain a permission for recording from all the speakers. When recording in studio environment there can be many problems. It is especially difficult to imitate a tourist agent if a speaker does not have such experiences and therefore lacks the background knowledge that a tourist agent has. Therefore the Turdis database was recorded with professional tourist agents. The agreement with local tourist companies enabled that we recorded a tourist agent while he was at his working place in his working time answering the telephone. Callers were contacted individually and asked to use the Turdis system and make a call to selected tourist company. Technically the recording was done using PC ISDN card. Database was orthographically transcribed with Transcriber tool. At the present it includes cca 43 000 words.


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Creating Slovenian Language Resources for Development of Speech-to-speech Translation Components
Darinka Verdonik | Matej Rojc | Zdravko Kačič
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

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Acquisition and Annotation of Slovenian Broadcast News Database
Andrej Žgank | Tomaž Rotovnik | Mirjam Sepesy Maučec | Darinka Verdonik | Janez Kitak | Damjan Vlaj | Vladimir Hozjan | Zdravko Kačič | Bogomir Horvat
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)


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Design and Implementation of the Slovenian Phonetic and Morphology Lexicons for the Use in Spoken Language Applications
Matej Rojc | Zdravko Kačič | Darinka Verdonik
Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’02)