Eder Novais


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Corpus-based Referring Expressions Generation
Hilder Pereira | Eder Novais | André Mariotti | Ivandré Paraboni
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

In Natural Language Generation, the task of attribute selection (AS) consists of determining the appropriate attribute-value pairs (or semantic properties) that represent the contents of a referring expression. Existing work on AS includes a wide range of algorithmic solutions to the problem, but the recent availability of corpora annotated with referring expressions data suggests that corpus-based AS strategies become possible as well. In this work we tentatively discuss a number of AS strategies using both semantic and surface information obtained from a corpus of this kind. Relying on semantic information, we attempt to learn both global and individual AS strategies that could be applied to a standard AS algorithm in order to generate descriptions found in the corpus. As an alternative, and perhaps less traditional approach, we also use surface information to build statistical language models of the referring expressions that are most likely to occur in the corpus, and let the model probabilities guide attribute selection.

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Portuguese Text Generation from Large Corpora
Eder Novais | Ivandré Paraboni | Douglas Silva
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

In the implementation of a surface realisation engine, many of the computational techniques seen in other AI fields have been widely applied. Among these, the use of statistical methods has been particularly successful, as in the so-called 'generate-and-select', or 2-stages architectures. Systems of this kind produce output strings from possibly underspecified input data by over-generating a large number of alternative realisations (often including ungrammatical candidate sentences.) These are subsequently ranked with the aid of a statistical language model, and the most likely candidate is selected as the output string. Statistical approaches may however face a number of difficulties. Among these, there is the issue of data sparseness, a problem that is particularly evident in cases such as our target language - Brazilian Portuguese - which is not only morphologically-rich, but relatively poor in NLP resources such as large, publicly available corpora. In this work we describe a first implementation of a shallow surface realisation system for this language that deals with the issue of data sparseness by making use of factored language models built from a (relatively) large corpus of Brazilian newspapers articles.


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Text Generation for Brazilian Portuguese: the Surface Realization Task
Eder Novais | Thiago Tadeu | Ivandré Paraboni
Proceedings of the NAACL HLT 2010 Young Investigators Workshop on Computational Approaches to Languages of the Americas


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A Classification-driven Approach to Document Planning
Rafael Oliveira | Eder Novais | Roberto Araujo | Ivandré Paraboni
Proceedings of the International Conference RANLP-2009