Erhong Yang

Also published as: Erhong YANG


2022

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CTAP for Chinese:A Linguistic Complexity Feature Automatic Calculation Platform
Yue Cui | Junhui Zhu | Liner Yang | Xuezhi Fang | Xiaobin Chen | Yujie Wang | Erhong Yang
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

The construct of linguistic complexity has been widely used in language learning research. Several text analysis tools have been created to automatically analyze linguistic complexity. However, the indexes supported by several existing Chinese text analysis tools are limited and different because of different research purposes. CTAP is an open-source linguistic complexity measurement extraction tool, which prompts any research purposes. Although it was originally developed for English, the Unstructured Information Management (UIMA) framework it used allows the integration of other languages. In this study, we integrated the Chinese component into CTAP, describing the index sets it incorporated and comparing it with three linguistic complexity tools for Chinese. The index set includes four levels of 196 linguistic complexity indexes: character level, word level, sentence level, and discourse level. So far, CTAP has implemented automatic calculation of complexity characteristics for four languages, aiming to help linguists without NLP background study language complexity.

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BLCU-ICALL at SemEval-2022 Task 1: Cross-Attention Multitasking Framework for Definition Modeling
Cunliang Kong | Yujie Wang | Ruining Chong | Liner Yang | Hengyuan Zhang | Erhong Yang | Yaping Huang
Proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval-2022)

This paper describes the BLCU-ICALL system used in the SemEval-2022 Task 1 Comparing Dictionaries and Word Embeddings, the Definition Modeling subtrack, achieving 1st on Italian, 2nd on Spanish and Russian, and 3rd on English and French. We propose a transformer-based multitasking framework to explore the task. The framework integrates multiple embedding architectures through the cross-attention mechanism, and captures the structure of glosses through a masking language model objective. Additionally, we also investigate a simple but effective model ensembling strategy to further improve the robustness. The evaluation results show the effectiveness of our solution. We release our code at: https://github.com/blcuicall/SemEval2022-Task1-DM.

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汉语增强依存句法自动转换研究(Transformation of Enhanced Dependencies in Chinese)
Jingsi Yu (余婧思) | Shi Jialu (师佳璐) | Liner Yang (杨麟儿) | Dan Xiao (肖丹) | Erhong Yang (杨尔弘)
Proceedings of the 21st Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

“自动句法分析是自然语言处理中的一项核心任务,受限于依存句法中每个节点只能有一条入弧的规则,基础依存句法中许多实词之间的关系无法用依存弧和依存标签直接标明;同时,已有的依存句法体系中的依存关系还有进一步细化、提升的空间,以便从中提取连贯的语义关系。面对这种情况,本文在斯坦福基础依存句法规范的基础上,研制了汉语增强依存句法规范,主要贡献在于:介词和连词的增强、并列项的传播、句式转换和特殊句式的增强。此外,本文提供了基于Python的汉语增强依存句法转换的转换器,以及一个基于Web的演示,该演示将句子从基础依存句法树通过本文的规范解析成依存图。最后,本文探索了增强依存句法的实际应用,并以搭配抽取和信息抽取为例进行相关讨论。”

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句式结构树库的自动构建研究(Automatic Construction of Sentence Pattern Structure Treebank)
Chenhui Xie (谢晨晖) | Zhengsheng Hu (胡正升) | Liner Yang (杨麟儿) | Tianxin Liao (廖田昕) | Erhong Yang (杨尔弘)
Proceedings of the 21st Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

“句式结构树库是以句本位语法为理论基础构建的句法资源,对汉语教学以及句式结构自动句法分析等研究具有重要意义。目前已有的句式结构树库语料主要来源于教材领域,其他领域的标注数据较为缺乏,如何高效地扩充高质量的句法树库是值得研究的问题。人工标注句法树库费时费力,并且树库质量也难以保证,为此,本文尝试通过规则的方法,将宾州中文树库(ctb)转换为句式结构树库,从而扩大现有句式结构树库的规模。实验结果表明,本文提出的基于树库转换规则的方法是有效的。”

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Multitasking Framework for Unsupervised Simple Definition Generation
Cunliang Kong | Yun Chen | Hengyuan Zhang | Liner Yang | Erhong Yang
Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

The definition generation task can help language learners by providing explanations for unfamiliar words. This task has attracted much attention in recent years. We propose a novel task of Simple Definition Generation (SDG) to help language learners and low literacy readers. A significant challenge of this task is the lack of learner’s dictionaries in many languages, and therefore the lack of data for supervised training. We explore this task and propose a multitasking framework SimpDefiner that only requires a standard dictionary with complex definitions and a corpus containing arbitrary simple texts. We disentangle the complexity factors from the text by carefully designing a parameter sharing scheme between two decoders. By jointly training these components, the framework can generate both complex and simple definitions simultaneously. We demonstrate that the framework can generate relevant, simple definitions for the target words through automatic and manual evaluations on English and Chinese datasets. Our method outperforms the baseline model by a 1.77 SARI score on the English dataset, and raises the proportion of the low level (HSK level 1-3) words in Chinese definitions by 3.87%.

2021

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中美学者学术英语写作中词汇难度特征比较研究——以计算语言学领域论文为例(A Comparative Study of the Features of Lexical Sophistication in Academic English Writing by Chinese and American)
Yonghui Xie (谢永慧) | Yang Liu (刘洋) | Erhong Yang (杨尔弘) | Liner Yang (杨麟儿)
Proceedings of the 20th Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

学术英语写作在国际学术交流中的作用日益凸显,然而对于英语非母语者,学术英语写作是困难的,为此本文对计算语言领域中美学者学术英语写作中词汇难度特征做比较研究。自构建1132篇中美论文全文语料库,统计语料中484个词汇难度特征值。经过特征筛选与因子分析的降维处理得到表现较好的五个维度。最后计算中美学者论文的维度分从而比较差异,发现美国学者的论文相较中国学者的论文中词汇单位更具常用性、二元词串更具稳固性、三元词串更具稳固性、虚词更具复杂性、词类更具关联性。主要原因在于统计特征值时借助的外部资源库与美国学者的论文更贴近,且中国学者没有完全掌握该领域学术写作的习惯。因此,中国学者可充分利用英语本族语者构建的资源库,从而产出更为地道与流利的学术英语论文。

2020

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Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Natural Language Processing Techniques for Educational Applications
Erhong YANG | Endong XUN | Baolin ZHANG | Gaoqi RAO
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Natural Language Processing Techniques for Educational Applications

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Overview of NLPTEA-2020 Shared Task for Chinese Grammatical Error Diagnosis
Gaoqi Rao | Erhong Yang | Baolin Zhang
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Natural Language Processing Techniques for Educational Applications

This paper presents the NLPTEA 2020 shared task for Chinese Grammatical Error Diagnosis (CGED) which seeks to identify grammatical error types, their range of occurrence and recommended corrections within sentences written by learners of Chinese as a foreign language. We describe the task definition, data preparation, performance metrics, and evaluation results. Of the 30 teams registered for this shared task, 17 teams developed the system and submitted a total of 43 runs. System performances achieved a significant progress, reaching F1 of 91% in detection level, 40% in position level and 28% in correction level. All data sets with gold standards and scoring scripts are made publicly available to researchers.

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面向汉语作为第二语言学习的个性化语法纠错(Personalizing Grammatical Error Correction for Chinese as a Second Language)
Shengsheng Zhang (张生盛) | Guina Pang (庞桂娜) | Liner Yang (杨麟儿) | Chencheng Wang (王辰成) | Yongping Du (杜永萍) | Erhong Yang (杨尔弘) | Yaping Huang (黄雅平)
Proceedings of the 19th Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

语法纠错任务旨在通过自然语言处理技术自动检测并纠正文本中的语序、拼写等语法错误。当前许多针对汉语的语法纠错方法已取得较好的效果,但往往忽略了学习者的个性化特征,如二语等级、母语背景等。因此,本文面向汉语作为第二语言的学习者,提出个性化语法纠错,对不同特征的学习者所犯的错误分别进行纠正,并构建了不同领域汉语学习者的数据集进行实验。实验结果表明,将语法纠错模型适应到学习者的各个领域后,性能得到明显提升。

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基于BERT与柱搜索的中文释义生成(Chinese Definition Modeling Based on BERT and Beam Seach)
Qinan Fan (范齐楠) | Cunliang Kong (孔存良) | Liner Yang (杨麟儿) | Erhong Yang (杨尔弘)
Proceedings of the 19th Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

释义生成任务是指为一个目标词生成相应的释义。前人研究中文释义生成任务时未考虑目标词的上下文,本文首次在中文释义生成任务中使用了目标词的上下文信息,并提出了一个基于BERT与柱搜索的释义生成模型。本文构建了包含上下文的CWN中文数据集用于开展实验,除了BLEU指标之外,还使用语义相似度作为额外的自动评价指标,实验结果显示本文模型在中文CWN数据集和英文Oxford数据集上均有显著提升,人工评价结果也与自动评价结果一致。最后,本文对生成实例进行了深入分析。

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汉语学习者依存句法树库构建(Construction of a Treebank of Learner Chinese)
Jialu Shi (师佳璐) | Xinyu Luo (罗昕宇) | Liner Yang (杨麟儿) | Dan Xiao (肖丹) | Zhengsheng Hu (胡正声) | Yijun Wang (王一君) | Jiaxin Yuan (袁佳欣) | Yu Jingsi (余婧思) | Erhong Yang (杨尔弘)
Proceedings of the 19th Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

汉语学习者依存句法树库为非母语者语料提供依存句法分析,可以支持第二语言教学与研究,也对面向第二语言的句法分析、语法改错等相关研究具有重要意义。然而,现有的汉语学习者依存句法树库数量较少,且在标注方面仍存在一些问题。为此,本文改进依存句法标注规范,搭建在线标注平台,并开展汉语学习者依存句法标注。本文重点介绍了数据选取、标注流程等问题,并对标注结果进行质量分析,探索二语偏误对标注质量与句法分析的影响。

2010

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The Annotation of Event Schema in Chinese
Hongjian Zou | Erhong Yang | Yan Gao | Qingqing Zeng
Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Asian Language Resouces

2000

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The Research of Word Sense Disambiguation Method Based on Co-occurrence Frequency of Hownet
Erhong Yang | Guoqing Zhang | Yongkui Zhang
Second Chinese Language Processing Workshop