SUPERB-SG: Enhanced Speech processing Universal PERformance Benchmark for Semantic and Generative Capabilities
Hsiang-Sheng Tsai | Heng-Jui Chang | Wen-Chin Huang | Zili Huang | Kushal Lakhotia | Shu-wen Yang | Shuyan Dong | Andy Liu | Cheng-I Lai | Jiatong Shi | Xuankai Chang | Phil Hall | Hsuan-Jui Chen | Shang-Wen Li | Shinji Watanabe | Abdelrahman Mohamed | Hung-yi Lee
Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)
Transfer learning has proven to be crucial in advancing the state of speech and natural language processing research in recent years. In speech, a model pre-trained by self-supervised learning transfers remarkably well on multiple tasks. However, the lack of a consistent evaluation methodology is limiting towards a holistic understanding of the efficacy of such models. SUPERB was a step towards introducing a common benchmark to evaluate pre-trained models across various speech tasks. In this paper, we introduce SUPERB-SG, a new benchmark focusing on evaluating the semantic and generative capabilities of pre-trained models by increasing task diversity and difficulty over SUPERB. We use a lightweight methodology to test the robustness of representations learned by pre-trained models under shifts in data domain and quality across different types of tasks. It entails freezing pre-trained model parameters, only using simple task-specific trainable heads. The goal is to be inclusive of all researchers, and encourage efficient use of computational resources. We also show that the task diversity of SUPERB-SG coupled with limited task supervision is an effective recipe for evaluating the generalizability of model representation.
- Hsiang-Sheng Tsai 1
- Wen-Chin Huang 1
- Zili Huang 1
- Kushal Lakhotia 1
- Shu-wen Yang 1
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