Hiroshi Saruwatari


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Personalized Filled-pause Generation with Group-wise Prediction Models
Yuta Matsunaga | Takaaki Saeki | Shinnosuke Takamichi | Hiroshi Saruwatari
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

In this paper, we propose a method to generate personalized filled pauses (FPs) with group-wise prediction models. Compared with fluent text generation, disfluent text generation has not been widely explored. To generate more human-like texts, we addressed disfluent text generation. The usage of disfluency, such as FPs, rephrases, and word fragments, differs from speaker to speaker, and thus, the generation of personalized FPs is required. However, it is difficult to predict them because of the sparsity of position and the frequency difference between more and less frequently used FPs. Moreover, it is sometimes difficult to adapt FP prediction models to each speaker because of the large variation of the tendency within each speaker. To address these issues, we propose a method to build group-dependent prediction models by grouping speakers on the basis of their tendency to use FPs. This method does not require a large amount of data and time to train each speaker model. We further introduce a loss function and a word embedding model suitable for FP prediction. Our experimental results demonstrate that group-dependent models can predict FPs with higher scores than a non-personalized one and the introduced loss function and word embedding model improve the prediction performance.


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DNN-based Speech Synthesis Using Abundant Tags of Spontaneous Speech Corpus
Yuki Yamashita | Tomoki Koriyama | Yuki Saito | Shinnosuke Takamichi | Yusuke Ijima | Ryo Masumura | Hiroshi Saruwatari
Proceedings of the Twelfth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

In this paper, we investigate the effectiveness of using rich annotations in deep neural network (DNN)-based statistical speech synthesis. DNN-based frameworks typically use linguistic information as input features called context instead of directly using text. In such frameworks, we can synthesize not only reading-style speech but also speech with paralinguistic and nonlinguistic features by adding such information to the context. However, it is not clear what kind of information is crucial for reproducing paralinguistic and nonlinguistic features. Therefore, we investigate the effectiveness of rich tags in DNN-based speech synthesis according to the Corpus of Spontaneous Japanese (CSJ), which has a large amount of annotations on paralinguistic features such as prosody, disfluency, and morphological features. Experimental evaluation results shows that the reproducibility of paralinguistic features of synthetic speech was enhanced by adding such information as context.

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SMASH Corpus: A Spontaneous Speech Corpus Recording Third-person Audio Commentaries on Gameplay
Yuki Saito | Shinnosuke Takamichi | Hiroshi Saruwatari
Proceedings of the Twelfth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

Developing a spontaneous speech corpus would be beneficial for spoken language processing and understanding. We present a speech corpus named the SMASH corpus, which includes spontaneous speech of two Japanese male commentators that made third-person audio commentaries during the gameplay of a fighting game. Each commentator ad-libbed while watching the gameplay with various topics covering not only explanations of each moment to convey the information on the fight but also comments to entertain listeners. We made transcriptions and topic tags as annotations on the recorded commentaries with our two-step method. We first made automatic and manual transcriptions of the commentaries and then manually annotated the topic tags. This paper describes how we constructed the SMASH corpus and reports some results of the annotations.


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CPJD Corpus: Crowdsourced Parallel Speech Corpus of Japanese Dialects
Shinnosuke Takamichi | Hiroshi Saruwatari
Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)


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Transcription Cost Reduction for Constructing Acoustic Models Using Acoustic Likelihood Selection Criteria
Tomoyuki Kato | Tomiki Toda | Hiroshi Saruwatari | Kiyohiro Shikano
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’06)

This paper describes a novel method for reducing the transcription effort in the construction of task-adapted acoustic models for a practical automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. We have to prepare actual data samples collected in the practical system and transcribe them for training the task-adapted acoustic models. However, transcribing utterances is a time-consuming and laborious process. In the proposed method, we firstly adapt initial models to acoustic environment of the system using a small number of collected data samples with transcriptions. And then, we automatically select informative training data samples to be transcribed from a large-sized speech corpus based on acoustic likelihoods of the models. We perform several experimental evaluations in the framework of “Takemarukun”, a practical speech-oriented guidance system. Experimental results show that 1) utterance sets with low likelihoods cause better task-adapted models compared with those with high likelihoods although the set with the lowest likelihoods causes the performance degradation because of including outliers, and 2) MLLR adaptation is effective for training the task-adapted models when the amount of the transcribed data is small and EM training outperforms MLLR if we transcribe more than around 10,000 utterances.


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Perceptual Evaluation of Quality Deterioration Owing to Prosody Modification
Kazuki Adachi | Tomoki Toda | Hiromichi Kawanami | Hiroshi Saruwatari | Kiyohiro Shikano
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)