Hiroto Tamura


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Does Masked Language Model Pre-training with Artificial Data Improve Low-resource Neural Machine Translation?
Hiroto Tamura | Tosho Hirasawa | Hwichan Kim | Mamoru Komachi
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EACL 2023

Pre-training masked language models (MLMs) with artificial data has been proven beneficial for several natural language processing tasks such as natural language understanding and summarization; however, it has been less explored for neural machine translation (NMT).A previous study revealed the benefit of transfer learning for NMT in a limited setup, which differs from MLM.In this study, we prepared two kinds of artificial data and compared the translation performance of NMT when pre-trained with MLM.In addition to the random sequences, we created artificial data mimicking token frequency information from the real world. Our results showed that pre-training the models with artificial data by MLM improves translation performance in low-resource situations. Additionally, we found that pre-training on artificial data created considering token frequency information facilitates improved performance.


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TMU Japanese-English Multimodal Machine Translation System for WAT 2020
Hiroto Tamura | Tosho Hirasawa | Masahiro Kaneko | Mamoru Komachi
Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Asian Translation

We introduce our TMU system submitted to the Japanese<->English Multimodal Task (constrained) for WAT 2020 (Nakazawa et al., 2020). This task aims to improve translation performance with the help of another modality (images) associated with the input sentences. In a multimodal translation task, the dataset is, by its nature, a low-resource one. Our method used herein augments the data by generating noisy translations and adding noise to existing training images. Subsequently, we pretrain a translation model on the augmented noisy data, and then fine-tune it on the clean data. We also examine the probabilistic dropping of either the textual or visual context vector in the decoder. This aims to regularize the network to make use of both features while training. The experimental results indicate that translation performance can be improved using our method of textual data augmentation with noising on the target side and probabilistic dropping of either context vector.