Ilias Stogiannidis


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Cache me if you Can: an Online Cost-aware Teacher-Student framework to Reduce the Calls to Large Language Models
Ilias Stogiannidis | Stavros Vassos | Prodromos Malakasiotis | Ion Androutsopoulos
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Prompting Large Language Models (LLMs) performs impressively in zero- and few-shot settings. Hence, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that cannot afford the cost of creating large task-specific training datasets, but also the cost of pretraining their own LLMs, are increasingly turning to third-party services that allow them to prompt LLMs. However, such services currently require a payment per call, which becomes a significant operating expense (OpEx). Furthermore, customer inputs are often very similar over time, hence SMEs end-up prompting LLMs with very similar instances. We propose a framework that allows reducing the calls to LLMs by caching previous LLM responses and using them to train a local inexpensive model on the SME side. The framework includes criteria for deciding when to trust the local model or call the LLM, and a methodology to tune the criteria and measure the tradeoff between performance and cost. For experimental purposes, we instantiate our framework with two LLMs, GPT-3.5 or GPT-4, and two inexpensive students, a k-NN classifier or a Multi-Layer Perceptron, using two common business tasks, intent recognition and sentiment analysis. Experimental results indicate that significant OpEx savings can be obtained with only slightly lower performance.

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Breaking the Bank with ChatGPT: Few-Shot Text Classification for Finance
Lefteris Loukas | Ilias Stogiannidis | Prodromos Malakasiotis | Stavros Vassos
Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Financial Technology and Natural Language Processing and the Second Multimodal AI For Financial Forecasting