Also published as: Ivana Lucic
On Understanding the Relation between Expert Annotations of Text Readability and Target Reader Comprehension
Sowmya Vajjala | Ivana Lucic
Proceedings of the Fourteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications
Automatic readability assessment aims to ensure that readers read texts that they can comprehend. However, computational models are typically trained on texts created from the perspective of the text writer, not the target reader. There is little experimental research on the relationship between expert annotations of readability, reader’s language proficiency, and different levels of reading comprehension. To address this gap, we conducted a user study in which over a 100 participants read texts of different reading levels and answered questions created to test three forms of comprehension. Our results indicate that more than readability annotation or reader proficiency, it is the type of comprehension question asked that shows differences between reader responses - inferential questions were difficult for users of all levels of proficiency across reading levels. The data collected from this study will be released with this paper, which will, for the first time, provide a collection of 45 reader bench marked texts to evaluate readability assessment systems developed for adult learners of English. It can also potentially be useful for the development of question generation approaches in intelligent tutoring systems research.
OneStopEnglish corpus: A new corpus for automatic readability assessment and text simplification
Sowmya Vajjala | Ivana Lučić
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications
This paper describes the collection and compilation of the OneStopEnglish corpus of texts written at three reading levels, and demonstrates its usefulness for through two applications - automatic readability assessment and automatic text simplification. The corpus consists of 189 texts, each in three versions (567 in total). The corpus is now freely available under a CC by-SA 4.0 license and we hope that it would foster further research on the topics of readability assessment and text simplification.