Jiaman Wu


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A Slot Is Not Built in One Utterance: Spoken Language Dialogs with Sub-Slots
Sai Zhang | Yuwei Hu | Yuchuan Wu | Jiaman Wu | Yongbin Li | Jian Sun | Caixia Yuan | Xiaojie Wang
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL 2022

A slot value might be provided segment by segment over multiple-turn interactions in a dialog, especially for some important information such as phone numbers and names. It is a common phenomenon in daily life, but little attention has been paid to it in previous work. To fill the gap, this paper defines a new task named Sub-Slot based Task-Oriented Dialog (SSTOD) and builds a Chinese dialog dataset SSD for boosting research on SSTOD. The dataset includes a total of 40K dialogs and 500K utterances from four different domains: Chinese names, phone numbers, ID numbers and license plate numbers. The data is well annotated with sub-slot values, slot values, dialog states and actions. We find some new linguistic phenomena and interactive manners in SSTOD which raise critical challenges of building dialog agents for the task. We test three state-of-the-art dialog models on SSTOD and find they cannot handle the task well on any of the four domains. We also investigate an improved model by involving slot knowledge in a plug-in manner. More work should be done to meet the new challenges raised from SSTOD which widely exists in real-life applications. The dataset and code are publicly available via https://github.com/shunjiu/SSTOD.


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Sensei: Self-Supervised Sensor Name Segmentation
Jiaman Wu | Dezhi Hong | Rajesh Gupta | Jingbo Shang
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL-IJCNLP 2021


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SeNsER: Learning Cross-Building Sensor Metadata Tagger
Yang Jiao | Jiacheng Li | Jiaman Wu | Dezhi Hong | Rajesh Gupta | Jingbo Shang
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2020

Sensor metadata tagging, akin to the named entity recognition task, provides key contextual information (e.g., measurement type and location) about sensors for running smart building applications. Unfortunately, sensor metadata in different buildings often follows distinct naming conventions. Therefore, learning a tagger currently requires extensive annotations on a per building basis. In this work, we propose a novel framework, SeNsER, which learns a sensor metadata tagger for a new building based on its raw metadata and some existing fully annotated building. It leverages the commonality between different buildings: At the character level, it employs bidirectional neural language models to capture the shared underlying patterns between two buildings and thus regularizes the feature learning process; At the word level, it leverages as features the k-mers existing in the fully annotated building. During inference, we further incorporate the information obtained from sources such as Wikipedia as prior knowledge. As a result, SeNsER shows promising results in extensive experiments on multiple real-world buildings.