Jungwoo Lim


2023

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Explore the Way: Exploring Reasoning Path by Bridging Entities for Effective Cross-Document Relation Extraction
Junyoung Son | Jinsung Kim | Jungwoo Lim | Yoonna Jang | Heuiseok Lim
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Cross-document relation extraction (CodRED) task aims to infer the relation between two entities mentioned in different documents within a reasoning path. Previous studies have concentrated on merely capturing implicit relations between the entities. However, humans usually utilize explicit information chains such as hyperlinks or additional searches to find the relations between two entities. Inspired by this, we propose Path wIth expLOraTion (PILOT) that provides the enhanced reasoning path by exploring the explicit clue information within the documents. PILOT finds the bridging entities which directly guide the paths between the entities and then employs them as stepstones to navigate desirable paths. We show that models with PILOT outperform the baselines in the CodRED task. Furthermore, we offer a variety of analyses to verify the validity of the reasoning paths constructed through PILOT, including evaluations using large language models such as ChatGPT.

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Beyond Candidates : Adaptive Dialogue Agent Utilizing Persona and Knowledge
Jungwoo Lim | Myunghoon Kang | Jinsung Kim | Jeongwook Kim | Yuna Hur | Heuiseok Lim
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

To build ultimate dialogue agents, previous studies suggest models that ground both persona and knowledge. However, applying the dialogue system directly to the usual conversation is still limited because the system requires a complete sentence-formed persona and knowledge candidate sets from the given dataset. In contrast to the dialogue setting in the dataset, humans utilize semantic concepts in their minds rather than a set of pre-defined candidate sentences. Following this manner of human dialogue, we suggest an adaptive dialogue system that is applicable to situations where complete sentence-formed candidates are not given. Our model generates consistent and relevant persona descriptions and identifies relevant knowledge for engaging and knowledgeable responses, even with fragmentary information. We show that our model outperforms previous baselines that utilize persona and knowledge candidate sentences and conduct the human evaluation on the machine-generated responses. In addition, we conduct ablation studies to demonstrate the effectiveness of each component of our model. Furthermore, we apply our model to other dialogue datasets that only ground knowledge or persona to showcase its adaptability. Our code is available at https://github.com/dlawjddn803/BeCand.

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Post-hoc Utterance Refining Method by Entity Mining for Faithful Knowledge Grounded Conversations
Yoonna Jang | Suhyune Son | Jeongwoo Lee | Junyoung Son | Yuna Hur | Jungwoo Lim | Hyeonseok Moon | Kisu Yang | Heuiseok Lim
Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Despite the striking advances in recent language generation performance, model-generated responses have suffered from the chronic problem of hallucinations that are either untrue or unfaithful to a given source. Especially in the task of knowledge grounded conversation, the models are required to generate informative responses, but hallucinated utterances lead to miscommunication. In particular, entity-level hallucination that causes critical misinformation and undesirable conversation is one of the major concerns. To address this issue, we propose a post-hoc refinement method called REM. It aims to enhance the quality and faithfulness of hallucinated utterances by refining them based on the source knowledge. If the generated utterance has a low source-faithfulness score with the given knowledge, REM mines the key entities in the knowledge and implicitly uses them for refining the utterances. We verify that our method reduces entity hallucination in the utterance. Also, we show the adaptability and efficacy of REM with extensive experiments and generative results. Our code is available at https://github.com/YOONNAJANG/REM.

2022

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GRASP: Guiding Model with RelAtional Semantics Using Prompt for Dialogue Relation Extraction
Junyoung Son | Jinsung Kim | Jungwoo Lim | Heuiseok Lim
Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

The dialogue-based relation extraction (DialogRE) task aims to predict the relations between argument pairs that appear in dialogue. Most previous studies utilize fine-tuning pre-trained language models (PLMs) only with extensive features to supplement the low information density of the dialogue by multiple speakers. To effectively exploit inherent knowledge of PLMs without extra layers and consider scattered semantic cues on the relation between the arguments, we propose a Guiding model with RelAtional Semantics using Prompt (GRASP). We adopt a prompt-based fine-tuning approach and capture relational semantic clues of a given dialogue with 1) an argument-aware prompt marker strategy and 2) the relational clue detection task. In the experiments, GRASP achieves state-of-the-art performance in terms of both F1 and F1c scores on a DialogRE dataset even though our method only leverages PLMs without adding any extra layers.

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Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Customized Chat Grounding Persona and Knowledge
Heuiseok Lim | Seungryong Kim | Yeonsoo Lee | Steve Lin | Paul Hongsuck Seo | Yumin Suh | Yoonna Jang | Jungwoo Lim | Yuna Hur | Suhyune Son
Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Customized Chat Grounding Persona and Knowledge

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You Truly Understand What I Need : Intellectual and Friendly Dialog Agents grounding Persona and Knowledge
Jungwoo Lim | Myunghoon Kang | Yuna Hur | Seung Won Jeong | Jinsung Kim | Yoonna Jang | Dongyub Lee | Hyesung Ji | DongHoon Shin | Seungryong Kim | Heuiseok Lim
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2022

To build a conversational agent that interacts fluently with humans, previous studies blend knowledge or personal profile into the pre-trained language model. However, the model that considers knowledge and persona at the same time is still limited, leading to hallucination and a passive way of using personas. We propose an effective dialogue agent that grounds external knowledge and persona simultaneously. The agent selects the proper knowledge and persona to use for generating the answers with our candidate scoring implemented with a poly-encoder. Then, our model generates the utterance with lesser hallucination and more engagingness utilizing retrieval augmented generation with knowledge-persona enhanced query. We conduct experiments on the persona-knowledge chat and achieve state-of-the-art performance in grounding and generation tasks on the automatic metrics. Moreover, we validate the answers from the models regarding hallucination and engagingness through human evaluation and qualitative results. We show our retriever’s effectiveness in extracting relevant documents compared to the other previous retrievers, along with the comparison of multiple candidate scoring methods. Code is available at https://github.com/dlawjddn803/INFO

2021

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Capturing Speaker Incorrectness: Speaker-Focused Post-Correction for Abstractive Dialogue Summarization
Dongyub Lee | Jungwoo Lim | Taesun Whang | Chanhee Lee | Seungwoo Cho | Mingun Park | Heuiseok Lim
Proceedings of the Third Workshop on New Frontiers in Summarization

In this paper, we focus on improving the quality of the summary generated by neural abstractive dialogue summarization systems. Even though pre-trained language models generate well-constructed and promising results, it is still challenging to summarize the conversation of multiple participants since the summary should include a description of the overall situation and the actions of each speaker. This paper proposes self-supervised strategies for speaker-focused post-correction in abstractive dialogue summarization. Specifically, our model first discriminates which type of speaker correction is required in a draft summary and then generates a revised summary according to the required type. Experimental results show that our proposed method adequately corrects the draft summaries, and the revised summaries are significantly improved in both quantitative and qualitative evaluations.

2020

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I Know What You Asked: Graph Path Learning using AMR for Commonsense Reasoning
Jungwoo Lim | Dongsuk Oh | Yoonna Jang | Kisu Yang | Heuiseok Lim
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

CommonsenseQA is a task in which a correct answer is predicted through commonsense reasoning with pre-defined knowledge. Most previous works have aimed to improve the performance with distributed representation without considering the process of predicting the answer from the semantic representation of the question. To shed light upon the semantic interpretation of the question, we propose an AMR-ConceptNet-Pruned (ACP) graph. The ACP graph is pruned from a full integrated graph encompassing Abstract Meaning Representation (AMR) graph generated from input questions and an external commonsense knowledge graph, ConceptNet (CN). Then the ACP graph is exploited to interpret the reasoning path as well as to predict the correct answer on the CommonsenseQA task. This paper presents the manner in which the commonsense reasoning process can be interpreted with the relations and concepts provided by the ACP graph. Moreover, ACP-based models are shown to outperform the baselines.