Token and Head Adaptive Transformers for Efficient Natural Language Processing
Chonghan Lee | Md Fahim Faysal Khan | Rita Brugarolas Brufau | Ke Ding | Vijaykrishnan Narayanan
Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Computational Linguistics
While pre-trained language models like BERT have achieved impressive results on various natural language processing tasks, deploying them on resource-restricted devices is challenging due to their intensive computational cost and memory footprint. Previous approaches mainly focused on training smaller versions of a BERT model with competitive accuracy under limited computational resources. In this paper, we extend Length Adaptive Transformer and propose to design Token and Head Adaptive Transformer, which can compress and accelerate various BERT-based models via simple fine-tuning. We train a transformer with a progressive token and head pruning scheme, eliminating a large number of redundant tokens and attention heads in the later layers. Then, we conduct a multi-objective evolutionary search with the overall number of floating point operations (FLOPs) as its efficiency constraint to find joint token and head pruning strategies that maximize accuracy and efficiency under various computational budgets. Empirical studies show that a large portion of tokens and attention heads could be pruned while achieving superior performance compared to the baseline BERT-based models and Length Adaptive Transformers in various downstream NLP tasks. MobileBERT trained with our joint token and head pruning scheme achieves a GLUE score of 83.0, which is 1.4 higher than Length Adaptive Transformer and 2.9 higher than the original model.
CRF-LSTM Text Mining Method Unveiling the Pharmacological Mechanism of Off-target Side Effect of Anti-Multiple Myeloma Drugs
Kaiyin Zhou | Sheng Zhang | Xiangyu Meng | Qi Luo | Yuxing Wang | Ke Ding | Yukun Feng | Mo Chen | Kevin Cohen | Jingbo Xia
Proceedings of the BioNLP 2018 workshop
Sequence labeling of biomedical entities, e.g., side effects or phenotypes, was a long-term task in BioNLP and MedNLP communities. Thanks to effects made among these communities, adverse reaction NER has developed dramatically in recent years. As an illuminative application, to achieve knowledge discovery via the combination of the text mining result and bioinformatics idea shed lights on the pharmacological mechanism research.
- Kaiyin Zhou 1
- Sheng Zhang 1
- Xiangyu Meng 1
- Qi Luo (罗琪) 1
- Yuxing Wang 1
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