Kyoung-Woon On


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Efficient Latent Variable Modeling for Knowledge-Grounded Dialogue Generation
Gunsoo Han | Daejin Jo | Daniel Nam | Eunseop Yoon | Taehwan Kwon | Seungeun Rho | Kyoung-Woon On | Chang Yoo | Sungwoong Kim
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Knowledge-grounded dialogue generation requires first retrieving appropriate external knowledge based on a conversational context and then generating a response grounded on the retrieved knowledge. In general, these two sequential modules, a knowledge retriever and a response generator, have been separately trained in a supervised manner. However, obtaining intermediate labels of the ground-truth knowledge is expensive, especially in open-domain conversations. Latent variable modeling avoids this need for the labels. In this paper, we propose an efficient algorithm for this latent variable modeling that is able to leverage a large amount of dialogue data. Rather than directly training the complex retriever, we adapt a query generator with an off-the-shelf retriever, and the query generator and response generator are simultaneously trained over the latent variable of query. Moreover, we employ lower bound of the evidence as a training objective and modify it to robustly perform the joint training. Experimental results on diverse knowledge-grounded dialogue datasets show that the proposed algorithm significantly outperforms the supervised learning algorithm even without the use of the annotated knowledge while maintaining efficiency and scalability.


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Toward General Scene Graph: Integration of Visual Semantic Knowledge with Entity Synset Alignment
Woo Suk Choi | Kyoung-Woon On | Yu-Jung Heo | Byoung-Tak Zhang
Proceedings of the First Workshop on Advances in Language and Vision Research

Scene graph is a graph representation that explicitly represents high-level semantic knowledge of an image such as objects, attributes of objects and relationships between objects. Various tasks have been proposed for the scene graph, but the problem is that they have a limited vocabulary and biased information due to their own hypothesis. Therefore, results of each task are not generalizable and difficult to be applied to other down-stream tasks. In this paper, we propose Entity Synset Alignment(ESA), which is a method to create a general scene graph by aligning various semantic knowledge efficiently to solve this bias problem. The ESA uses a large-scale lexical database, WordNet and Intersection of Union (IoU) to align the object labels in multiple scene graphs/semantic knowledge. In experiment, the integrated scene graph is applied to the image-caption retrieval task as a down-stream task. We confirm that integrating multiple scene graphs helps to get better representations of images.