Makoto Nagao

Also published as: M. Nagao


2005

bib
Reviewing Back the Past MT Summits
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit X: Invited papers

1999

pdf bib
Resolution of Indirect Anaphora in Japanese Sentences Using Examples: “X no Y (Y of X)”
Masaki Murata | Hitoshi Isahara | Makoto Nagao
Coreference and Its Applications

pdf bib
Pronoun Resolution in Japanese Sentences Using Surface Expressions and Examples
Masaki Murata | Hitoshi Isahara | Makoto Nagao
Coreference and Its Applications

1998

pdf bib
A Stochastic Language Model using Dependency and Its Improvement by Word Clustering
Shinsuke Mori | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1998 Volume 2: The 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
An Estimate of Referent of Noun Phrases in Japanese Sentences
Masaki Murata | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1998 Volume 2: The 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Diagram Understanding Using Integration of Layout Information and Textual Information
Yasuhiko Watanabe | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1998 Volume 2: The 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Aligning Articles in TV Newscasts and Newspapers
Yasuhiko Watanabe | Yoshihiro Okada | Kengo Kaneji | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1998 Volume 2: The 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
A Stochastic Language Model using Dependency and its Improvement by Word Clustering
Shinsuke Mori | Makoto Nagao
36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Volume 2

pdf bib
An Estimate of Referent of Noun Phrases in Japanese Sentences
Masaki Murata | Makoto Nagao
36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Volume 2

pdf bib
Diagram Understanding Using Integration of Layout Information and Textual Information
Yasuhiko Watanabe | Makoto Nagao
36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Volume 2

pdf bib
Aligning Articles in TV Newscasts and Newspapers
Yasuhiko Watanabe | Yoshihiro Okada | Kengo Kaneji | Makoto Nagao
36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Volume 2

pdf bib
Construction of Japanese Nominal Semantic Dictionary using “A NO B” Phrases in Corpora
Sadao Kurohashi | Masaki Murata | Yasunori Yata | Mitsunobu Shimada | Makoto Nagao
The Computational Treatment of Nominals

pdf bib
General Word Sense Disambiguation Method Based on a Full Sentential Context
Jiri Stetina | Sadao Kurohashi | Makoto Nagao
Usage of WordNet in Natural Language Processing Systems

1997

pdf bib
Machine Translation Through Language Understanding
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit VI: Plenaries

In this paper is described a general framework of a next generation machine translation system which translates a text not sentence by sentence but by considering inter-sentential discourse. The method is a step closer to human translation than the present-day machine translation systems. Particularly important are a detailed discourse analysis and a flexible text generation by using information obtained from the discourse analysis.

pdf bib
Corpus Based PP Attachment Ambiguity Resolution with a Semantic Dictionary
Jiri Stetina | Makoto Nagao
Fifth Workshop on Very Large Corpora

1996

pdf bib
Document Classification Using Domain Specific Kanji Characters Extracted by X2 Method
Yasuhiko Watanabe | Masaki Murata | Masahito Takeuchi | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1996 Volume 2: The 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Word Extraction from Corpora and Its Part-of-Speech Estimation Using Distributional Analysis
Shinsuke Mori | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1996 Volume 2: The 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1995

pdf bib
Parsing Without Grammar
Shinsuke Mori | Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Parsing Technologies

We describe and evaluate experimentally a method to parse a tagged corpus without grammar modeling a natural language on context-free language. This method is based on the following three hypotheses. 1) Part-of-speech sequences on the right-hand side of a rewriting rule are less constrained as to what part-of-speech precedes and follows them than non-constituent sequences. 2) Part-of-speech sequences directly derived from the same non-terminal symbol have similar environments. 3) The most suitable set of rewriting rules makes the greatest reduction of the corpus size. Based on these hypotheses, the system finds a set of constituent-like part-of-speech sequences and replaces them with a new symbol. The repetition of these processes brings us a set of rewriting rules, a grammar, and the bracketed corpus.

pdf bib
What have we to do for the future of MT systems?
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit V

1994

pdf bib
A New Method of N-gram Statistics for Large Number of n and Automatic Extraction of Words and Phrases from Large Text Data of Japanese
Makoto Nagao | Shinsuke Mori
COLING 1994 Volume 1: The 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Thesaurus-based Efficient Example Retrieval by Generating Retrieval Queries from Similarities
Takehito Utsuro | Kiyotaka Uchimoto | Mitsutaka Matsumoto | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1994 Volume 2: The 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Bilingual Text, Matching using Bilingual Dictionary and Statistics
Takehito Utsuro | Hiroshi Ikeda | Masaya Yamane | Yuji Matsumoto | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1994 Volume 2: The 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Automatic Detection of Discourse Structure by Checking Surface Information in Sentences
Sadao Kurohashi | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1994 Volume 2: The 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
A Syntactic Analysis Method of Long Japanese Sentences Based on the Detection of Conjunctive Structures
Sadao Kurohashi | Makoto Nagao
Computational Linguistics, Volume 20, Number 4, December 1994

1993

pdf bib
Machine Translation: What have we to do?
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit IV

pdf bib
Structural Disambiguation in Japanese by Evaluating Case Structures based on Examples in a Case Frame Dictionary
Sadao Kurohashi | Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Parsing Technologies

A case structure expression is one of the most important forms to represent the meaning of a sentence. Case structure analysis is usually performed by consulting case frame information in verb dictionaries and by selecting a proper case frame for an input sentence. However, this analysis is very difficult because of word sense ambiguity and structural ambiguity. A conventional method for solving these problems is to use the method of selectional restriction, but this method has a drawback in the semantic marker (SM) system – the trade-off between descriptive power and construction cost. This paper describes a method of case structure analysis of Japanese sentences which overcomes the drawback in the SM system, concentrating on the structural disambiguation. This method selects a proper case frame for an input by the similarity measure between the input and typical example sentences of each case frame. When there are two or more possible readings for an input because of structural ambiguity, the best reading will be selected by evaluating case structures in each possible reading by the similarity measure with typical example sentences of case frames.

pdf bib
Determination of Referential Property and Number of Nouns in Japanese Sentences for Machine Translation into English
Masaki Murata | Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

pdf bib
Translation into English
Masaki Murata | Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

1992

pdf bib
Dynamic Programming Method for Analyzing Conjunctive Structures in Japanese
Sadao Kurohashi | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1992 Volume 1: The 14th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Lexical Knowledge Acquisition from Bilingual Corpora
Takehito Utsuro | Yuji Matsumoto | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1992 Volume 2: The 14th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Are the grammars so far developed appropriate to recognize the real structure of a sentence?
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

pdf bib
A Method of Automatic Hypertext Construction from an Encyclopedic Dictionary of a Specific Field
Sadao Kurohashi | Makoto Nagao | Satoshi Sato | Masahiko Murakami
Third Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing

1991

pdf bib
Current Practical Machine Translation Systems in Japan and Future Directions EUROTRA: an assessment of the current state of the EC’s MT programme
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Translating and the Computer 13: The theory and practice of machine translation – a marriage of convenience?

pdf bib
Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Parsing Technologies (IWPT ’91)
Masaru Tomita | Martin Kay | Robert Berwick | Eva Hajicova | Aravind Joshi | Ronald Kaplan | Makoto Nagao | Yorick Wilks
Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Parsing Technologies

February 13-25, 1991

1990

pdf bib
Toward Memory-based Translation
Satoshi Sato | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1990 Volume 3: Papers presented to the 13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1989

pdf bib
Two years after the MT Summit
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit II

pdf bib
Japanese view of the future of machine translation
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit II

1988

pdf bib
PANEL: Language Engineering: The Real Bottle Neck of Natural Language Processing
Makoto Nagao
Coling Budapest 1988 Volume 2: International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Extraction of Semantic Information from an Ordinary English Dictionary and its Evaluation
Jun-ichi Nakamura | Makoto Nagao
Coling Budapest 1988 Volume 2: International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
How to Get Preferred Readings in Natural Language Analysis
Jun-ichi Tsujii | Yukiyoshi Muto | Yuuji Ikeda | Makoto Nagao
Coling Budapest 1988 Volume 2: International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Dialogue Translation vs. Text Translation
Jun-ichi Tsujii | Makoto Nagao
Coling Budapest 1988 Volume 2: International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1987

pdf bib
Present and future of machine translation systems — an introduction to the MT Summit —
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit I

pdf bib
Concluding Remarks
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit I

1986

pdf bib
Solutions for Problems of MT Parser - Methods Used in Mu-Machine Translation Project -
Jun-ichi Nakamura | Jun-ichi Tsujii | Makoto Nagao
Coling 1986 Volume 1: The 11th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1985

pdf bib
The Japanese Government Project for Machine Translation
Makoto Nagao | Jun-ichi Tsujii | Jun-ichi Nakamura
Computational Linguistics Formerly the American Journal of Computational Linguistics, Volume 11, Number 2-3, April-September 1985

bib
Structural Transformation in the Generation Stage of the MU Japanese to English Machine Translation System
Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of the first Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

1984

pdf bib
A software system for describing a grammar of machine translation: GRADE
Jun-ichi Nakamura | Makoto Nagao
Proceedings of the International Conference on Methodology and Techniques of Machine Translation: Processing from words to language

pdf bib
Analysis Grammar of Japanese in the Mu-project - A Procedural Approach to Analysis Grammar
Jun-ichi Tsujii | Jun-ichi Nakamura | Makoto Nagao
10th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 22nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Grammar Writing System (GRADE) of Mu-Machine Translation Project and its Characteristics
Jun-ichi Nakamura | Jun-ichi Tsujii | Makoto Nagao
10th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 22nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Dealing With Incompleteness of Linguistic Knowledge in Language Translation – Transfer and Generation Stage of Mu Machine Translation Project
Makoto Nagao | Toyoaki Nishida | Jun-ichi Tsujii
10th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 22nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

1982

pdf bib
An English Japanese Machine Translation System of the Titles of Scientific and Engineering Papers
Makoto Nagao | Jun-ichi Tsujii | Koji Yada | Toshihiro Kakimoto
Coling 1982: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
Parser Which Learns the Application Order of Rewriting Rules
Makoto Nagao | Jun-ichi Nakamura
Coling 1982: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1980

pdf bib
A Machine Translation System From Japanese Into English - Another Perspective of MT Systems -
M. Nagao | J. Tsujii | K. Mitamura | H. Hirakawa | M. Kume
COLING 1980 Volume 1: The 8th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

pdf bib
An Attempt to Computerized Dictionary Data Bases
M. Nagao | J. Tsujii | Y. Ueda | M. Takiyama
COLING 1980 Volume 1: The 8th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1976

pdf bib
PLATON--A New Programming Language for Natural Language Analysis
Makoto Nagao | Jun-Ichi Tsujii
American Journal of Computational Linguistics (February 1976)

pdf bib
Analysis of Japanese Sentences
Makoto Nagao | Jun-Ichi Tsujii
American Journal of Computational Linguistics (February 1976)

1965

pdf bib
Sentence Generation by Semantic Concordance
Toshiyuki Sakai | Makoto Nagao
COLING 1965