Manny Rayner

Also published as: M. Rayner


2020

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Constructing Multimodal Language Learner Texts Using LARA: Experiences with Nine Languages
Elham Akhlaghi | Branislav Bédi | Fatih Bektaş | Harald Berthelsen | Matthias Butterweck | Cathy Chua | Catia Cucchiarin | Gülşen Eryiğit | Johanna Gerlach | Hanieh Habibi | Neasa Ní Chiaráin | Manny Rayner | Steinþór Steingrímsson | Helmer Strik
Proceedings of the 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

LARA (Learning and Reading Assistant) is an open source platform whose purpose is to support easy conversion of plain texts into multimodal online versions suitable for use by language learners. This involves semi-automatically tagging the text, adding other annotations and recording audio. The platform is suitable for creating texts in multiple languages via crowdsourcing techniques that can be used for teaching a language via reading and listening. We present results of initial experiments by various collaborators where we measure the time required to produce substantial LARA resources, up to the length of short novels, in Dutch, English, Farsi, French, German, Icelandic, Irish, Swedish and Turkish. The first results are encouraging. Although there are some startup problems, the conversion task seems manageable for the languages tested so far. The resulting enriched texts are posted online and are freely available in both source and compiled form.

2016

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An Open Web Platform for Rule-Based Speech-to-Sign Translation
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Sarah Ebling | Johanna Gerlach | Irene Strasly | Nikos Tsourakis
Proceedings of the 54th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 2: Short Papers)

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A Shared Task for Spoken CALL?
Claudia Baur | Johanna Gerlach | Manny Rayner | Martin Russell | Helmer Strik
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

We argue that the field of spoken CALL needs a shared task in order to facilitate comparisons between different groups and methodologies, and describe a concrete example of such a task, based on data collected from a speech-enabled online tool which has been used to help young Swiss German teens practise skills in English conversation. Items are prompt-response pairs, where the prompt is a piece of German text and the response is a recorded English audio file. The task is to label pairs as “accept” or “reject”, accepting responses which are grammatically and linguistically correct to match a set of hidden gold standard answers as closely as possible. Initial resources are provided so that a scratch system can be constructed with a minimal investment of effort, and in particular without necessarily using a speech recogniser. Training data for the task will be released in June 2016, and test data in January 2017.

2014

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A tool for building multilingual voice questionnaires
Alejandro Armando | Pierrette Bouillon | Manny Rayner | Nikos Tsourakis
Proceedings of Translating and the Computer 36

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Using a Serious Game to Collect a Child Learner Speech Corpus
Claudia Baur | Manny Rayner | Nikos Tsourakis
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

We present an English-L2 child learner speech corpus, produced by 14 year old Swiss German-L1 students in their third year of learning English, which is currently in the process of being collected. The collection method uses a web-enabled multimodal language game implemented using the CALL-SLT platform, in which subjects hold prompted conversations with an animated agent. Prompts consist of a short animated Engligh-language video clip together with a German-language piece of text indicating the semantic content of the requested response. Grammar-based speech understanding is used to decide whether responses are accepted or rejected, and dialogue flow is controlled using a simple XML-based scripting language; the scripts are written to allow multiple dialogue paths, the choice being made randomly. The system is gamified using a score-and-badge framework with four levels of badges. We describe the application, the data collection and annotation procedures, and the initial tranche of data. The full corpus, when complete, should contain at least 5,000 annotated utterances.

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CALL-SLT: A Spoken CALL System Based on Grammar and Speech Recognition
Manny Rayner | Nikos Isourakis | Claudia Baur | Pierrette Bouillon | Johannna Gerlach
Linguistic Issues in Language Technology, Volume 10, 2014

We describe CALL-SLT, a speech-enabled Computer-Assisted Language Learning application where the central idea is to prompt the student with an abstract representation of what they are supposed to say, and then use a combination of grammar-based speech recognition and rule-based translation to rate their response. The system has been developed to the level of a mature prototype, freely deployed on the web, with versions for several languages. We present an overview of the core system architecture and the various types of content we have developed. Finally, we describe several evaluations, the last of which is a study carried out over about a week using 130 subjects recruited through the Amazon Mechanical Turk, in which CALL-SLT was contrasted against a control version where the speech recognition component was disabled. The improvement in student learning performance between the two groups was significant at p < 0.02.

2013

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Two Approaches to Correcting Homophone Confusions in a Hybrid Machine Translation System
Pierrette Bouillon | Johanna Gerlach | Ulrich Germann | Barry Haddow | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Hybrid Approaches to Translation

2012

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Evaluating Appropriateness Of System Responses In A Spoken CALL Game
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Johanna Gerlach
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

We describe an experiment carried out using a French version of CALL-SLT, a web-enabled CALL game in which students at each turn are prompted to give a semi-free spoken response which the system then either accepts or rejects. The central question we investigate is whether the response is appropriate; we do this by extracting pairs of utterances where both members of the pair are responses by the same student to the same prompt, and where one response is accepted and one rejected. When the two spoken responses are presented in random order, native speakers show a reasonable degree of agreement in judging that the accepted utterance is better than the rejected one. We discuss the significance of the results and also present a small study supporting the claim that native speakers are nearly always recognised by the system, while non-native speakers are rejected a significant proportion of the time.

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A Scalable Architecture For Web Deployment of Spoken Dialogue Systems
Matthew Fuchs | Nikos Tsourakis | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

We describe a scalable architecture, particularly well-suited to cloud-based computing, which can be used for Web-deployment of spoken dialogue systems. In common with similar platforms, like WAMI and the Nuance Mobile Developer Platform, we use a client/server approach in which speech recognition is carried out on the server side; our architecture, however, differs from these systems in offering considerably more elaborate server-side functionality, based on large-scale grammar-based language processing and generic dialogue management. We describe two substantial applications, built using our framework, which we argue would have been hard to construct in WAMI or NMDP. Finally, we present a series of evaluations carried out using CALL-SLT, a speech translation game, where we contrast performance in Web and desktop versions. Task Error Rate in the Web version is only slightly inferior that in the desktop one, and the average additional latency is under half a second. The software is generally available for research purposes.

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A Corpus for a Gesture-Controlled Mobile Spoken Dialogue System
Nikos Tsourakis | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

Speech and hand gestures offer the most natural modalities for everyday human-to-human interaction. The availability of diverse spoken dialogue applications and the proliferation of accelerometers on consumer electronics allow the introduction of new interaction paradigms based on speech and gestures. Little attention has been paid however to the manipulation of spoken dialogue systems through gestures. Situation-induced disabilities or real disabilities are determinant factors that motivate this type of interaction. In this paper we propose six concise and intuitively meaningful gestures that can be used to trigger the commands in any SDS. Using different machine learning techniques we achieve a classification error for the gesture patterns of less than 5%, and we also compare our own set of gestures to ones proposed by users. Finally, we examine the social acceptability of the specific interaction scheme and encounter high levels of acceptance for public use.

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Using Source-Language Transformations to Address Register Mismatches in SMT
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Barry Haddow
Proceedings of the 10th Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas: Research Papers

Mismatches between training and test data are a ubiquitous problem for real SMT applications. In this paper, we examine a type of mismatch that commonly arises when translating from French and similar languages: available training data is mostly formal register, but test data may well be informal register. We consider methods for defining surface transformations that map common informal language constructions into their formal language counterparts, or vice versa; we then describe two ways to use these mappings, either to create artificial training data or to pre-process source text at run-time. An initial evaluation performed using crowd-sourced comparisons of alternate translations produced by a French-to-English SMT system suggests that both methods can improve performance, with run-time pre-processing being the more effective of the two.

2011

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Bootstrapping a statistical speech translator from a rule-based one
Manny Rayner | Paula Estrella | Pierrette Bouillon
Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Free/Open-Source Rule-Based Machine Translation

2010

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A Bootstrapped Interlingua-Based SMT Architecture
Manny Rayner | Paula Estrella | Pierrette Bouillon
Proceedings of the 14th Annual conference of the European Association for Machine Translation

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Examining the Effects of Rephrasing User Input on Two Mobile Spoken Language Systems
Nikos Tsourakis | Agnes Lisowska | Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10)

During the construction of a spoken dialogue system much effort is spent on improving the quality of speech recognition as possible. However, even if an application perfectly recognizes the input, its understanding may be far from what the user originally meant. The user should be informed about what the system actually understood so that an error will not have a negative impact in the later stages of the dialogue. One important aspect that this work tries to address is the effect of presenting the system’s understanding during interaction with users. We argue that for specific kinds of applications it’s important to confirm the understanding of the system before obtaining the output. In this way the user can avoid misconceptions and problems occurring in the dialogue flow and he can enhance his confidence in the system. Nevertheless this has an impact on the interaction, as the mental workload increases, and the user’s behavior may adapt to the system’s coverage. We focus on two applications that implement the notion of rephrasing user’s input in a different way. Our study took place among 14 subjects that used both systems on a Nokia N810 Internet Tablet.

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A Multilingual CALL Game Based on Speech Translation
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Nikos Tsourakis | Johanna Gerlach | Maria Georgescul | Yukie Nakao | Claudia Baur
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10)

We describe a multilingual Open Source CALL game, CALL-SLT, which reuses speech translation technology developed using the Regulus platform to create an automatic conversation partner that allows intermediate-level language students to improve their fluency. We contrast CALL-SLT with Wang's and Seneff's ``translation game'' system, in particular focussing on three issues. First, we argue that the grammar-based recognition architecture offered by Regulus is more suitable for this type of application; second, that it is preferable to prompt the student in a language-neutral form, rather than in the L1; and third, that we can profitably record successful interactions by native speakers and store them to be reused as online help for students. The current system, which will be demoed at the conference, supports four L2s (English, French, Japanese and Swedish) and two L1s (English and French). We conclude by describing an evaluation exercise, where a version of CALL-SLT configured for English L2 and French L1 was used by several hundred high school students. About half of the subjects reported positive impressions of the system.

2009

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Using Artificial Data to Compare the Difficulty of Using Statistical Machine Translation in Different Language-Pairs
Manny Rayner | Paula Estrella | Pierrette Bouillon | Yukie Nakao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit XII: Posters

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Using Paraphrases of Deep Semantic Representions to Support Regression Testing in Spoken Dialogue Systems
Beth Ann Hockey | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the Workshop on Software Engineering, Testing, and Quality Assurance for Natural Language Processing (SETQA-NLP 2009)

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Using Artificially Generated Data to Evaluate Statistical Machine Translation
Manny Rayner | Paula Estrella | Pierrette Bouillon | Beth Ann Hockey | Yukie Nakao
Proceedings of the 2009 Workshop on Grammar Engineering Across Frameworks (GEAF 2009)

2008

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Coling 2008: Proceedings of the workshop on Speech Processing for Safety Critical Translation and Pervasive Applications
Pierrette Bouillon | Farzad Ehsani | Robert Frederking | Michael McTear | Manny Rayner
Coling 2008: Proceedings of the workshop on Speech Processing for Safety Critical Translation and Pervasive Applications

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The 2008 MedSLT System
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Jane Brotanek | Glenn Flores | Sonia Halimi | Beth Ann Hockey | Hitoshi Isahara | Kyoko Kanzaki | Elisabeth Kron | Yukie Nakao | Marianne Santaholma | Marianne Starlander | Nikos Tsourakis
Coling 2008: Proceedings of the workshop on Speech Processing for Safety Critical Translation and Pervasive Applications

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A Small-Vocabulary Shared Task for Medical Speech Translation
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Glenn Flores | Farzad Ehsani | Marianne Starlander | Beth Ann Hockey | Jane Brotanek | Lukas Biewald
Coling 2008: Proceedings of the workshop on Speech Processing for Safety Critical Translation and Pervasive Applications

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Making Speech Look Like Text in the Regulus Development Environment
Elisabeth Kron | Manny Rayner | Marianne Santaholma | Pierrette Bouillon | Agnes Lisowska
Coling 2008: Proceedings of the workshop on Grammar Engineering Across Frameworks

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Almost Flat Functional Semantics for Speech Translation
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Beth Ann Hockey | Yukie Nakao
Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2008)

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Developing Non-European Translation Pairs in a Medium-Vocabulary Medical Speech Translation System
Pierrette Bouillon | Sonia Halimi | Yukie Nakao | Kyoko Kanzaki | Hitoshi Isahara | Nikos Tsourakis | Marianne Starlander | Beth Ann Hockey | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08)

We describe recent work on MedSLT, a medium-vocabulary interlingua-based medical speech translation system, focussing on issues that arise when handling languages of which the grammar engineer has little or no knowledge. We show how we can systematically create and maintain multiple forms of grammars, lexica and interlingual representations, with some versions being used by language informants, and some by grammar engineers. In particular, we describe the advantages of structuring the interlingua definition as a simple semantic grammar, which includes a human-readable surface form. We show how this allows us to rationalise the process of evaluating translations between languages lacking common speakers, and also makes it possible to create a simple generic tool for debugging to-interlingua translation rules. Examples presented focus on the concrete case of translation between Japanese and Arabic in both directions.

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Building Mobile Spoken Dialogue Applications Using Regulus
Nikos Tsourakis | Maria Georgescul | Pierrette Bouillon | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08)

Regulus is an Open Source platform that supports construction of rule-based medium-vocabulary spoken dialogue applications. It has already been used to build several substantial speech-enabled applications, including NASA’s Clarissa procedure navigator and Geneva University’s MedSLT medical speech translator. System like these would be far more useful if they were available on a hand-held device, rather than, as with the present version, on a laptop. In this paper we describe the Open Source framework we have developed, which makes it possible to run Regulus applications on generally available mobile devices, using a distributed client-server architecture that offers transparent and reliable integration with different types of ASR systems. We describe the architecture, an implemented calendar application prototype hosted on a mobile device, and an evaluation. The evaluation shows that performance on the mobile device is as good as performance on a normal desktop PC.

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Many-to-Many Multilingual Medical Speech Translation on a PDA
Kyoko Kanzaki | Yukie Nakao | Manny Rayner | Marianne Santaholma | Marianne Starlander | Nikos Tsourakis
Proceedings of the 8th Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas: Government and Commercial Uses of MT

Particularly considering the requirement of high reliability, we argue that the most appropriate architecture for a medical speech translator that can be realised using today’s technology combines unidirectional (doctor to patient) translation, medium-vocabulary controlled language coverage, interlingua-based translation, an embedded help component, and deployability on a hand-held hardware platform. We present an overview of the Open Source MedSLT prototype, which has been developed in accordance with these design principles. The system is implemented on top of the Regulus and Nuance 8.5 platforms, translates patient examination questions for all language pairs in the set {English, French, Japanese, Arabic, Catalan}, using vocabularies of about 400 to 1 100 words, and can be run in a distributed client/server environment, where the client application is hosted on a Nokia Internet Tablet device.

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Comparing two different bidirectional versions of the limited-domain medical spoken language translator MedSLT
Marianne Starlander | Pierrette Bouillon | Glenn Flores | Manny Rayner | Nikos Tsourakis
Proceedings of the 12th Annual conference of the European Association for Machine Translation

2007

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Les ellipses dans un système de traduction automatique de la parole
Pierrette Bouillon | Manny Rayner | Marianne Starlander | Marianne Santaholma
Actes de la 14ème conférence sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles. Posters

Dans tout dialogue, les phrases elliptiques sont très nombreuses. Dans cet article, nous évaluons leur impact sur la reconnaissance et la traduction dans le système de traduction automatique de la parole MedSLT. La résolution des ellipses y est effectuée par une méthode robuste et portable, empruntée aux systèmes de dialogue homme-machine. Cette dernière exploite une représentation sémantique plate et combine des techniques linguistiques (pour construire la représentation) et basées sur les exemples (pour apprendre sur la base d’un corpus ce qu’est une ellipse bien formée dans un sous-domaine donné et comment la résoudre).

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Adapting a Medical speech to speech translation system (MedSLT) to Arabic
Pierrette Bouillon | Sonia Halimi | Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey
Proceedings of the 2007 Workshop on Computational Approaches to Semitic Languages: Common Issues and Resources

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Proceedings of the Workshop on Grammar-Based Approaches to Spoken Language Processing
Pierrette Bouillon | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the Workshop on Grammar-Based Approaches to Spoken Language Processing

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A Bidirectional Grammar-Based Medical Speech Translator
Pierrette Bouillon | Glenn Flores | Marianne Starlander | Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Marianne Santaholma | Nikos Tsourakis | Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey
Proceedings of the Workshop on Grammar-Based Approaches to Spoken Language Processing

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A Development Environment for Building Grammar-Based Speech-Enabled Applications
Elisabeth Kron | Manny Rayner | Marianne Santaholma | Pierrette Bouillon
Proceedings of the Workshop on Grammar-Based Approaches to Spoken Language Processing

2006

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Une grammaire multilingue partagée pour la traduction automatique de la parole
Pierrette Bouillon | Manny Rayner | Bruna Novellas | Yukie Nakao | Marianne Santaholma | Marianne Starlander | Nikos Chatzichrisafis
Actes de la 13ème conférence sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles. Articles longs

Aujourd’hui, l’approche la plus courante en traitement de la parole consiste à combiner un reconnaisseur statistique avec un analyseur robuste. Pour beaucoup d’applications cependant, les reconnaisseurs linguistiques basés sur les grammaires offrent de nombreux avantages. Dans cet article, nous présentons une méthodologie et un ensemble de logiciels libres (appelé Regulus) pour dériver rapidement des reconnaisseurs linguistiquement motivés à partir d’une grammaire générale partagée pour le catalan et le français.

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Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Medical Speech Translation
Pierrette Bouillon | Farzad Ehsani | Robert Frederking | Manny Rayner
Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Medical Speech Translation

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Evaluating Task Performance for a Unidirectional Controlled Language Medical Speech Translation System
Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Pierrette Bouillon | Manny Rayner | Marianne Santaholma | Marianne Starlander | Beth Ann Hockey
Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Medical Speech Translation

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MedSLT: A Limited-Domain Unidirectional Grammar-Based Medical Speech Translator
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Marianne Santaholma | Marianne Starlander | Beth Ann Hockey | Yukie Nakao | Hitoshi Isahara | Kyoko Kanzaki
Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Medical Speech Translation

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REGULUS: A Generic Multilingual Open Source Platform for Grammar-Based Speech Applications
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Beth Ann Hockey | Nikos Chatzichrisafis
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’06)

We present an overview of Regulus, an Open Source platform that supports corpus-based derivation of efficient domain-specific speech recognisers from general linguistically motivated unification grammars. We list available Open Source resources, which include compilers, resource grammars for various languages, documentation and a development environment. The greater part of the paper presents a series of experiments carried out using a medium-vocabulary medical speech translation application and a corpus of 801 recorded domain utterances, designed to investigate the impact on speech understanding performance of vocabulary size, grammatical coverage, presence or absence of various linguistic features, degree of generality of thegrammar and use or otherwise of probabilistic weighting in the CFGlanguage model. In terms of task accuracy, the most significant factors were the use of probabilistic weighting, the degree of generality of the grammar and the inclusion of features which model sortal restrictions.

2005

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Japanese Speech Understanding using Grammar Specialization
Manny Rayner | Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Pierrette Bouillon | Yukie Nakao | Hitoshi Isahara | Kyoko Kanzaki | Beth Ann Hockey | Marianne Santaholma | Marianne Starlander
Proceedings of HLT/EMNLP 2005 Interactive Demonstrations

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Practicing Controlled Language through a Help System integrated into the Medical Speech Translation System (MedSLT)
Marianne Starlander | Pierrette Bouillon | Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Marianne Santaholma | Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey | Hitoshi Isahara | Kyoko Kanzaki | Yukie Nakao
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit X: Papers

In this paper, we present evidence that providing users of a speech to speech translation system for emergency diagnosis (MedSLT) with a tool that helps them to learn the coverage greatly improves their success in using the system. In MedSLT, the system uses a grammar-based recogniser that provides more predictable results to the translation component. The help module aims at addressing the lack of robustness inherent in this type of approach. It takes as input the result of a robust statistical recogniser that performs better for out-of-coverage data and produces a list of in-coverage example sentences. These examples are selected from a defined list using a heuristic that prioritises sentences maximising the number of N-grams shared with those extracted from the recognition result.

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A Voice Enabled Procedure Browser for the International Space Station
Manny Rayner | Beth A. Hockey | Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Kim Farrell | Jean-Michel Renders
Proceedings of the ACL Interactive Poster and Demonstration Sessions

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A generic multi-lingual open source platform for limited-domain medical speech translation
Pierrette Bouillon | Manny Rayner | Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Beth Ann Hockey | Marianne Santaholma | Marianne Starlander | Yukie Nakao | Kyoko Kanzaki | Hitoshi Isahara
Proceedings of the 10th EAMT Conference: Practical applications of machine translation

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Representational and architectural issues in a limited-domain medical speech translator
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Marianne Santaholma | Yukie Nakao
Actes de la 12ème conférence sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles. Articles longs

We present an overview of MedSLT, a medium-vocabulary medical speech translation system, focussing on the representational issues that arise when translating temporal and causal concepts. Although flat key/value structures are strongly preferred as semantic representations in speech understanding systems, we argue that it is infeasible to handle the necessary range of concepts using only flat structures. By exploiting the specific nature of the task, we show that it is possible to implement a solution which only slightly extends the representational complexity of the semantic representation language, by permitting an optional single nested level representing a subordinate clause construct. We sketch our solutions to the key problems of producing minimally nested representations using phrase-spotting methods, and writing cleanly structured rule-sets that map temporal and phrasal representations into a canonical interlingual form.

2004

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Comparing rule-based and statistical approaches to speech understanding in a limited domain speech translation system
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Beth Ann Hockey | Nikos Chatzichrisafis | Marianne Starlander
Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

2003

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A Limited-Domain English to Japanese Medical Speech Translator Built Using REGULUS 2
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | Vol Van Dalsem III | Hitoshi Isahara | Kyoko Kanzaki | Beth Ann Hockey
The Companion Volume to the Proceedings of 41st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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An Intelligent Procedure Assistant Built Using REGULUS 2 and ALTERF
Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey | Jim Hieronymus | John Dowding | Greg Aist | Susana Early
The Companion Volume to the Proceedings of 41st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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A procedure assistant for astronauts in a functional programming architecture, with step previewing and spoken correction of dialogue moves
Gregory Aist | Manny Rayner | John Dowding | Beth Ann Hockey | Susana Early | Jim Hieronymus
Proceedings of the Fourth SIGdial Workshop of Discourse and Dialogue

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Transparent combination of rule-based and data-driven approaches in speech understanding
Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey
10th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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Talking through Procedures: An Intelligent Space Station Procedure Assistant
Greg Aist | J. Dowding | B. A. Hockey | M. Rayner | J. Hieronymus | D. Bohus | B. Boven | N. Blaylock | E. Campana | S. Early | G. Gorrell | S. Phan
Demonstrations

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An Open-Source Environment for Compiling Typed Unification Grammars into Speech Recognisers
Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey | John Dowding
Demonstrations

2002

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A Flexible Speech to Speech Phrasebook Translator
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon
Proceedings of the ACL-02 Workshop on Speech-to-Speech Translation: Algorithms and Systems

2001

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Do CFG-Based Language Models Need Agreement Constraints?
Manny Rayner | Genevieve Gorrell | Beth Ann Hockey | John Dowding | Johan Boye
Second Meeting of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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Plug and Play Speech Understanding
Manny Rayner | Ian Lewin | Genevieve Gorrell | Johan Boye
Proceedings of the Second SIGdial Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue

2000

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Compiling Language Models from a Linguistically Motivated Unification Grammar
Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey | Frankie James | Elizabeth Owen Bratt | Sharon Goldwater | Jean Mark Gawron
COLING 2000 Volume 2: The 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

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A Compact Architecture for Dialogue Management Based on Scripts and Meta-Outputs
Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey | Frankie James
Sixth Applied Natural Language Processing Conference

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A Compact Architecture for Dialogue Management Based on Scripts and Meta-Outputs
Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey | Frankie James
ANLP-NAACL 2000 Workshop: Conversational Systems

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A comparison of the XTAG and CLE Grammars for English
Manny Rayner | Beth Ann Hockey | Frankie James
Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Tree Adjoining Grammar and Related Frameworks (TAG+5)

1997

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Translation Methodology in the Spoken Language Translator: An Evaluation
David Carter | Ralph Becket | Manny Rayner | Robert Eklund | Catriona MacDermid | Mats Wirén | Sabine Kirchmeier-Andersen | Christina Philp
Spoken Language Translation

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Recycling Lingware in a Multilingual MT System
Manny Rayner | David Carter | Ivan Bretan | Robert Eklund | Mats Wiren | Steffen Leo Hansen | Sabine Kirchmeier-Andersen | Christina Philp | Finn Sorensen | Hanne Erdman Thomsen
From Research to Commercial Applications: Making NLP Work in Practice

1996

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Fast Parsing Using Pruning and Grammar Specialization
Manny Rayner | David Carter
34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

1995

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Using corpora to develop limited-domain speech translation systems
Manny Rayner | Pierrette Bouillon | David Carter
Proceedings of Translating and the Computer 17

1994

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Combining Knowledge Sources to Reorder N-Best Speech Hypothesis Lists
Manny Rayner | David Carter | Vassilios Digalakis | Patti Price
Human Language Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop held at Plainsboro, New Jersey, March 8-11, 1994

1993

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A Speech to Speech Translation System Built From Standard Components
Manny Rayner | Hiyan Alshawi | Ivan Bretan | David Carter | Vassilios Digalakis | Bjorn Gamback | Jaan Kaja | Jussi Karlgren | Bertil Lyberg | Steve Pulman | Patti Price | Christer Samuelsson
Human Language Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Plainsboro, New Jersey, March 21-24, 1993

1992

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English-Swedish translation of dialogue software
Hiyan Alshawi | David Carter | Steve Pulman | Manny Rayner | Björn Gambäck
Proceedings of Translating and the Computer 14: Quality standards and the implementation of technology in translation

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Deriving Database Queries from Logical Forms by Abductive Definition Expansion
Manny Rayner | Hiyan Alshawi
Third Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing

1991

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Translation by Quasi Logical Form Transfer
Hiyan Alshawi | David Carter | Manny Rayner | Bjorn Gamback
29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

1990

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An Implementable Semantics for Comparative Constructions
Manny Rayner | Amelie Banks
Computational Linguistics, Volume 16, Number 2, June 1990

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Using Explanation-Based Learning to Increase Performance in a Large-Scale NL Query System
Manny Rayner | Christer Samuelsson
Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Hidden Valley, Pennsylvania, June 24-27,1990

1988

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Parsing and Interpreting Comparatives
Manny Rayner | Amelie Banks
26th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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Using a Logic Grammar to Learn a Lexicon
Manny Rayner | Asa Hugosson | Goran Hagert
Coling Budapest 1988 Volume 2: International Conference on Computational Linguistics

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