Mathilde Veron


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Analyzing BERT Cross-lingual Transfer Capabilities in Continual Sequence Labeling
Juan Manuel Coria | Mathilde Veron | Sahar Ghannay | Guillaume Bernard | Hervé Bredin | Olivier Galibert | Sophie Rosset
Proceedings of the First Workshop on Performance and Interpretability Evaluations of Multimodal, Multipurpose, Massive-Scale Models

Knowledge transfer between neural language models is a widely used technique that has proven to improve performance in a multitude of natural language tasks, in particular with the recent rise of large pre-trained language models like BERT. Similarly, high cross-lingual transfer has been shown to occur in multilingual language models. Hence, it is of great importance to better understand this phenomenon as well as its limits. While most studies about cross-lingual transfer focus on training on independent and identically distributed (i.e. i.i.d.) samples, in this paper we study cross-lingual transfer in a continual learning setting on two sequence labeling tasks: slot-filling and named entity recognition. We investigate this by training multilingual BERT on sequences of 9 languages, one language at a time, on the MultiATIS++ and MultiCoNER corpora. Our first findings are that forward transfer between languages is retained although forgetting is present. Additional experiments show that lost performance can be recovered with as little as a single training epoch even if forgetting was high, which can be explained by a progressive shift of model parameters towards a better multilingual initialization. We also find that commonly used metrics might be insufficient to assess continual learning performance.

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Attention Modulation for Zero-Shot Cross-Domain Dialogue State Tracking
Mathilde Veron | Olivier Galibert | Guillaume Bernard | Sophie Rosset
Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Computational Approaches to Discourse

Dialog state tracking (DST) is a core step for task-oriented dialogue systems aiming to track the user’s current goal during a dialogue. Recently a special focus has been put on applying existing DST models to new domains, in other words performing zero-shot cross-domain transfer. While recent state-of-the-art models leverage large pre-trained language models, no work has been made on understanding and improving the results of first developed zero-shot models like SUMBT. In this paper, we thus propose to improve SUMBT zero-shot results on MultiWOZ by using attention modulation during inference. This method improves SUMBT zero-shot results significantly on two domains and does not worsen the initial performance with the great advantage of needing no additional training.


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Lifelong learning et systèmes de dialogue : définition et perspectives (Lifelong learning and dialogue system : definition and discussion )
Mathilde Veron
Actes de la Conférence sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles (TALN) PFIA 2019. Volume III : RECITAL

Le but de cet article est de définir comment le Lifelong Learning (LL) pourrait être appliqué aux systèmes de dialogue orientés tâche. Un système de dialogue devrait être en mesure d’apprendre de nouvelles connaissances, après avoir été déployé, et ceci de manière continue grâce à ses interactions avec l’utilisateur. Nous identifions ainsi deux aspects s’appliquant à un tel système : l’amélioration de ses capacités conversationnelles, et l’enrichissement de sa base de connaissances. Nous appliquons ces idées à un chatbot développé dans le cadre du projet LIHLITH. Nous montrons ainsi qu’un tel système doit être capable (1) de détecter la présence d’une situation inconnue (2) de décider quand et comment interagir avec l’utilisateur afin d’extraire de nouvelles connaissances et (3) de s’adapter à ces nouvelles connaissances, tout en considérant la fiabilité de celles-ci.