Michael Staniek


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Error-Aware Interactive Semantic Parsing of OpenStreetMap
Michael Staniek | Stefan Riezler
Proceedings of Second International Combined Workshop on Spatial Language Understanding and Grounded Communication for Robotics

In semantic parsing of geographical queries against real-world databases such as OpenStreetMap (OSM), unique correct answers do not necessarily exist. Instead, the truth might be lying in the eye of the user, who needs to enter an interactive setup where ambiguities can be resolved and parsing mistakes can be corrected. Our work presents an approach to interactive semantic parsing where an explicit error detection is performed, and a clarification question is generated that pinpoints the suspected source of ambiguity or error and communicates it to the human user. Our experimental results show that a combination of entropy-based uncertainty detection and beam search, together with multi-source training on clarification question, initial parse, and user answer, results in improvements of 1.2% F1 score on a parser that already performs at 90.26% on the NLMaps dataset for OSM semantic parsing.


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Assessing the Difficulty of Classifying ConceptNet Relations in a Multi-Label Classification Setting
Maria Becker | Michael Staniek | Vivi Nastase | Anette Frank
RELATIONS - Workshop on meaning relations between phrases and sentences

Commonsense knowledge relations are crucial for advanced NLU tasks. We examine the learnability of such relations as represented in ConceptNet, taking into account their specific properties, which can make relation classification difficult: a given concept pair can be linked by multiple relation types, and relations can have multi-word arguments of diverse semantic types. We explore a neural open world multi-label classification approach that focuses on the evaluation of classification accuracy for individual relations. Based on an in-depth study of the specific properties of the ConceptNet resource, we investigate the impact of different relation representations and model variations. Our analysis reveals that the complexity of argument types and relation ambiguity are the most important challenges to address. We design a customized evaluation method to address the incompleteness of the resource that can be expanded in future work.


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Classifying Semantic Clause Types With Recurrent Neural Networks: Analysis of Attention, Context & Genre Characteristics
Maria Becker | Michael Staniek | Vivi Nastase | Alexis Palmer | Anette Frank
Traitement Automatique des Langues, Volume 59, Numéro 2 : Apprentissage profond pour le traitement automatique des langues [Deep Learning for natural language processing]


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Classifying Semantic Clause Types: Modeling Context and Genre Characteristics with Recurrent Neural Networks and Attention
Maria Becker | Michael Staniek | Vivi Nastase | Alexis Palmer | Anette Frank
Proceedings of the 6th Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (*SEM 2017)

Detecting aspectual properties of clauses in the form of situation entity types has been shown to depend on a combination of syntactic-semantic and contextual features. We explore this task in a deep-learning framework, where tuned word representations capture lexical, syntactic and semantic features. We introduce an attention mechanism that pinpoints relevant context not only for the current instance, but also for the larger context. Apart from implicitly capturing task relevant features, the advantage of our neural model is that it avoids the need to reproduce linguistic features for other languages and is thus more easily transferable. We present experiments for English and German that achieve competitive performance. We present a novel take on modeling and exploiting genre information and showcase the adaptation of our system from one language to another.