Nada Almarwani

Also published as: Nada AlMarwani


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SANA at NADI 2023 shared task: Ensemble of Layer-Wise BERT-based models for Dialectal Arabic Identification
Nada Almarwani | Samah Aloufi
Proceedings of ArabicNLP 2023

Our system, submitted to the Nuanced Arabic Dialect Identification (NADI-23), tackles the first sub-task: Closed Country-level dialect identification. In this work, we propose a model that is based on an ensemble of layer-wise fine-tuned BERT-based models. The proposed model ranked fourth out of sixteen submissions, with an F1-macro score of 85.43.


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Discrete Cosine Transform as Universal Sentence Encoder
Nada Almarwani | Mona Diab
Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 2: Short Papers)

Modern sentence encoders are used to generate dense vector representations that capture the underlying linguistic characteristics for a sequence of words, including phrases, sentences, or paragraphs. These kinds of representations are ideal for training a classifier for an end task such as sentiment analysis, question answering and text classification. Different models have been proposed to efficiently generate general purpose sentence representations to be used in pretraining protocols. While averaging is the most commonly used efficient sentence encoder, Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) was recently proposed as an alternative that captures the underlying syntactic characteristics of a given text without compromising practical efficiency compared to averaging. However, as with most other sentence encoders, the DCT sentence encoder was only evaluated in English. To this end, we utilize DCT encoder to generate universal sentence representation for different languages such as German, French, Spanish and Russian. The experimental results clearly show the superior effectiveness of DCT encoding in which consistent performance improvements are achieved over strong baselines on multiple standardized datasets


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Efficient Sentence Embedding using Discrete Cosine Transform
Nada Almarwani | Hanan Aldarmaki | Mona Diab
Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)

Vector averaging remains one of the most popular sentence embedding methods in spite of its obvious disregard for syntactic structure. While more complex sequential or convolutional networks potentially yield superior classification performance, the improvements in classification accuracy are typically mediocre compared to the simple vector averaging. As an efficient alternative, we propose the use of discrete cosine transform (DCT) to compress word sequences in an order-preserving manner. The lower order DCT coefficients represent the overall feature patterns in sentences, which results in suitable embeddings for tasks that could benefit from syntactic features. Our results in semantic probing tasks demonstrate that DCT embeddings indeed preserve more syntactic information compared with vector averaging. With practically equivalent complexity, the model yields better overall performance in downstream classification tasks that correlate with syntactic features, which illustrates the capacity of DCT to preserve word order information.


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Arabic Textual Entailment with Word Embeddings
Nada Almarwani | Mona Diab
Proceedings of the Third Arabic Natural Language Processing Workshop

Determining the textual entailment between texts is important in many NLP tasks, such as summarization, question answering, and information extraction and retrieval. Various methods have been suggested based on external knowledge sources; however, such resources are not always available in all languages and their acquisition is typically laborious and very costly. Distributional word representations such as word embeddings learned over large corpora have been shown to capture syntactic and semantic word relationships. Such models have contributed to improving the performance of several NLP tasks. In this paper, we address the problem of textual entailment in Arabic. We employ both traditional features and distributional representations. Crucially, we do not depend on any external resources in the process. Our suggested approach yields state of the art performance on a standard data set, ArbTE, achieving an accuracy of 76.2 % compared to state of the art of 69.3 %.

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GW_QA at SemEval-2017 Task 3: Question Answer Re-ranking on Arabic Fora
Nada Almarwani | Mona Diab
Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval-2017)

This paper describes our submission to SemEval-2017 Task 3 Subtask D, “Question Answer Ranking in Arabic Community Question Answering”. In this work, we applied a supervised machine learning approach to automatically re-rank a set of QA pairs according to their relevance to a given question. We employ features based on latent semantic models, namely WTMF, as well as a set of lexical features based on string lengths and surface level matching. The proposed system ranked first out of 3 submissions, with a MAP score of 61.16%.


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Creating a Large Multi-Layered Representational Repository of Linguistic Code Switched Arabic Data
Mona Diab | Mahmoud Ghoneim | Abdelati Hawwari | Fahad AlGhamdi | Nada AlMarwani | Mohamed Al-Badrashiny
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

We present our effort to create a large Multi-Layered representational repository of Linguistic Code-Switched Arabic data. The process involves developing clear annotation standards and Guidelines, streamlining the annotation process, and implementing quality control measures. We used two main protocols for annotation: in-lab gold annotations and crowd sourcing annotations. We developed a web-based annotation tool to facilitate the management of the annotation process. The current version of the repository contains a total of 886,252 tokens that are tagged into one of sixteen code-switching tags. The data exhibits code switching between Modern Standard Arabic and Egyptian Dialectal Arabic representing three data genres: Tweets, commentaries, and discussion fora. The overall Inter-Annotator Agreement is 93.1%.