Norbert Braunschweiler


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Evaluating Large Language Models for Document-grounded Response Generation in Information-Seeking Dialogues
Norbert Braunschweiler | Rama Doddipatla | Simon Keizer | Svetlana Stoyanchev
Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Taming Large Language Models: Controllability in the era of Interactive Assistants!

In this paper, we investigate the use of large language models (LLMs) like ChatGPT for document-grounded response generation in the context of information-seeking dialogues. For evaluation, we use the MultiDoc2Dial corpus of task-oriented dialogues in four social service domains previously used in the DialDoc 2022 Shared Task. Information-seeking dialogue turns are grounded in multiple documents providing relevant information. We generate dialogue completion responses by prompting a ChatGPT model, using two methods: Chat-Completion and LlamaIndex. ChatCompletion uses knowledge from ChatGPT model pre-training while LlamaIndex also extracts relevant information from documents. Observing that document-grounded response generation via LLMs cannot be adequately assessed by automatic evaluation metrics as they are significantly more verbose, we perform a human evaluation where annotators rate the output of the shared task winning system, the two ChatGPT variants outputs, and human responses. While both ChatGPT variants are more likely to include information not present in the relevant segments, possibly including a presence of hallucinations, they are rated higher than both the shared task winning system and human responses.


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Combining Structured and Unstructured Knowledge in an Interactive Search Dialogue System
Svetlana Stoyanchev | Suraj Pandey | Simon Keizer | Norbert Braunschweiler | Rama Sanand Doddipatla
Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Special Interest Group on Discourse and Dialogue

Users of interactive search dialogue systems specify their preferences with natural language utterances. However, a schema-driven system is limited to handling the preferences that correspond to the predefined database content. In this work, we present a methodology for extending a schema-driven interactive search dialogue system with the ability to handle unconstrained user preferences. Using unsupervised semantic similarity metrics and the text snippets associated with the search items, the system identifies suitable items for the user’s unconstrained natural language query. In crowd-sourced evaluation, the users chat with our extended restaurant search system. Based on objective metrics and subjective user ratings, we demonstrate the feasibility of using an unsupervised low latency approach to extend a schema-driven search dialogue system to handle unconstrained user preferences.